Warning: count(): Parameter must be an array or an object that implements Countable in /home/tbrnew5/public_html/wp-includes/post-template.php on line 284

TBR News June 17, 2018

Jun 17 2018

The Voice of the White House 

Washington, D.C. June 17 2018: “A constant subject for the high-level intelligence people inside the Beltway is the progress of what is called ‘The Plan.’

This is a long-term program, formulated and implemented, by the far-right element in the government and eagerly supported by the so-called neo-cons.

The purpose of this program is to destabilize Russia, force Putin and his supporters out of office and replace them, as was done during the reign of the CIA-friendly Yeltsin, with persons friendly to the United States aims and, especially, friendly to US business interests.

Russia is in possession of a very large reservoir of natural resources from oil to gold and American interests very nearly had their controlling hands on all of this during the Yeltsin years but lost it when Putin got in control.

They hate his intractable nationalism and have done, and are doing, everything they can to discredit, defeat and eventually oust him.

A major part of The Plan has been to get physical control of countries surrounding Russia from the Baltic states to the ‘Stans and to ring Russia with American-oriented and friendly countries.

Putin, aware of this because of the obviousness of the plottings and also because of very high-level information leaks from Washington, responded and with deadly effect. Georgia was run by a domestic politician who was eccentric, egotistical but in the pocket of Washington, and who allowed American troops and their military equipment to pour into the country.

But two Georgian provinces, inhabited mostly by Russians, objected to the blatantly pro-West government in Tiblisi and protested.

Georgia’s answer was to threaten force and, with full American support, to mass Georgian troops on the borders of these provinces.

Putin responded by sending a Russian military strike force into the area in support of the break-away areas and this caused a two-fold retreat on the part of American supporters. The military units rapidly evacuated west to the Black Sea and US Naval evacuation while an army of CIA personnel fled in terror to the airport at Tiblisi to avoid capture. This demarche disillusioned a number of eastern European countries who then toned down their anti-Russian rhetoric and made pacific moves towards the Kremlin.

A very high-level Polish government contingent flying into Smolensk to confer with the Russians were destroyed when their aircraft, responding to faked ground signals at the fog-shrouded Smolensk airport, slammed into the ground, wiping out the top level Poles. The Russians did not destroy the Poles but American intelligence operatives did.

This pointless slaughter was designed to teach wavering cantonists a lesson.

And the so-called “Orange Revolution” in the Ukraine was entirely a CIA operation.

The government in that country was replaced with a pro-Western one and the Ukraine was then viewed in Washington as another country to stock with threatening American missiles and troops.

When the Ukrainians tired of the corruption that inevitably is attendant upon a pro-West government and eventually elected a pro-Russian president, the CIA predictably responded by fomenting civil strife in Kiev and when that appeared to be waning, had their surrogates start shooting at random into the crowd to stir up public anger.

Putin’s response was to occupy the Russian-populated Crimea, hold an election that overwhelmingly supported union with Russia and gained the important naval base at Sebastopol that the Ukraine had promised to the US Navy and, more important, the Crimean off-shore oil fields and a coastline that permitted an easier installation of the South Stream oil transmission line from Russian oil fields to southern Europe.

The fury of the balked intelligence and governmental organs in Washington has been monumental and because a restive Europe is presenting a disunited front in the dictated attacks on Russia, more pressure is being planned to further threaten and pressure Putin.

The oil-rich Arctic is a prime future battlefield selected by Washington to engage the Russians, but the latter hold most of the geo-political cards.

And attempts to economically isolate Russia can easily backfire and create economic chaos with America’s economic powers.

The Russians has held 118 billion dollars worth of US Treasury certificate and their tenative allies, the Chinese, have held one trillion dollars of the same certificates. Should these countries, against whom the United States has been conducting clandestine political warfare, ever decide to jointly dump these financial instruments, the collapse of the dollar as the leading international currency would create an economic crisis that could easily prove fatal to Washington.

When tempted to fight fire with fire, remember that the fire department usually uses water.

The Table of Contents

  • Spare me the calls for civility – President Trump deserves our rage
  • ‘I can send you 25 million Mexicans, Shinzo’: Choice Trump quotes leaked from G7
  • Why does Trump hate on Jeff Bezos: is it about power or money?
  • Russia dumps half of its US Treasury bonds
  • Austria angry at Germany over ‘enormous’ spy effort
  • CIA Spying on Germany
  • List of CIA front organizations, domestic and foreign

Spare me the calls for civility – President Trump deserves our rage

Samantha Bee and Robert De Niro have taken flak for foul language. But polite responses to Trump play right into his hands

June 15, 2018

by Jessica Valenti

The Guardian

Can we stop pretending that the right cares about civility? Whether it’s the faux outrage over the television host Samantha Bee calling Ivanka Trump a “cunt” or the yammering over Robert DeNiro’s “fuck Trump” battle cry at the Tony awards, I’m tired of those on the right feigning shock. After all, they voted in the most brash, offensive and foul-mouthed president in history.

Are we really to believe that the same people who voted for a man who suggested a woman was too ugly to sexually assault now care about a naughty word for female genitalia? The same people who defended a man who said he grabbed women “by the pussy”? Are Americans really supposed to keep quiet and polite as Republicans implement policies that literally rip nursing infants from their mothers’ breasts and are building tented internment camps for children?

But sure, it’s our curses that are the problem.

Those on the left, too, are warning that our anger will drive more people to Trump. Frank Bruni wrote this week: “When you answer name-calling with name-calling and tantrums with tantrums, you’re not resisting him. You’re mirroring him. You’re not diminishing him. You’re demeaning yourselves.

“Many voters don’t hear your arguments or the facts, which are on your side. They just wince at the din,” he says.

But here’s the thing – the people who are standing by Trump right now are not people who are interested in arguments or facts. They’re supporting a man who lies with every other breath, a man who calls the press the “greatest enemy” of our country while he lauds an authoritarian dictator and shrugs off his human rights abuses. Someone who looked at a march of white supremacists where one woman was killed and said there were “very fine people on both sides”. Who called countries inhabited mostly by people of color “shitholes”.

This is a president who deserves a bit of profanity.

Expecting those of us who are scared and angry over what our country is becoming to speak with civility is absurd – civility died the day Trump took office. It’s like telling a woman to smile as she’s being sexually harassed on the street: we’re not just supposed to put up with injustice, we’re meant to be cheerful through it, as well.

If you’re not angry enough to curse, to scream or name-call, then you’re not paying nearly enough attention. As the New Yorker writer Jia Tolentino tweeted in 2017: “Never forget to be extremely wary of every person in your life who has not experienced this last year as a personal moral emergency.”

Meeting extreme injustices with polite banter plays right into the hands of this administration, because it paints their outrageous actions as just being on one side of a well-meaning debate. They’re not. This is not about disagreement, or political discourse. This is about fighting for what’s right over what is clearly and demonstrably evil.

Being spittlingly angry will not drive more people to Trump and will not diminish us – the high road is about morals, not a few curse words.

 

 

‘I can send you 25 million Mexicans, Shinzo’: Choice Trump quotes leaked from G7

June 16, 2018

RT

A week after the disastrous G7 summit wrapped up in Canada, EU officials have leaked behind-the-scenes quotes from Donald Trump, giving insight into the bombastic, forthright style he deployed with other leaders.

US President Donald Trump arrived late, departed early, and made a show of his truculence throughout the Quebec meeting, due to the trade disputes between America and the other Western states.

According to the Wall Street Journal, which spoke to a senior EU source, Trump was aware of his isolation, and at one point – when he finally agreed on an issue with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe – the US leader joked “Oh, well, then it’s five versus two.”

But Trump shared his worldview generously with both allies and rivals during the two-day summit. “Shinzo, you don’t have this problem, but I can send you 25 million Mexicans and you’ll be out of office very soon,” Trump told Abe to illustrate the battle he was facing against illegal migration.

During a debate on terrorism and Iran, the US president turned to his French counterpart, Emmanuel Macron, and said, “You must know about this, Emmanuel, because all the terrorists are in Paris.”

Earlier reports also indicated that Trump took to referring to Jean-Claude Juncker, the EU commissioner, as a “brutal killer,” due to his anti-trust campaigns against expanding US corporations.

“I think he meant it as a compliment, but I’m not so sure,” Juncker said on Thursday.

Trump’s deliberately petulant tactics – he even refused to sign the final communiqué – seemed to dismay and bamboozle the other heads of state, but their effectiveness has not been verified. Particular damage appeared to be reserved for Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who Trump called “weak” and “very dishonest” over his stance on tariffs for American goods, but who has not backed down.

“The mood really changed after the G-7,” the EU official said.

 

Why does Trump hate on Jeff Bezos: is it about power or money?

The owner of Amazon and the Washington Post keeps his counsel, spurring the president to ever-greater rage

June 17, 2018

by David Smith in Washington

The Guardian

Nestled between the embassy of Myanmar and the historic home of President Woodrow Wilson, the biggest house in Washington DC is taking shape. A yellow digger is parked outside, construction workers throw sandbags over their backs, and thick black tubes stretch from high windows to the ground like the legs of a giant octopus. Inside, a foreman in a baseball cap sits behind a desk at a laptop. “Going good,” he says.

This will be the luxury home of Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon, owner of the Washington Post and would-be first man on Mars. A sign on the corner of S Street in the swish Kalorama neighbourhood still points to the textile museum that occupied the 27,000 sq ft property before Bezos bought it for $23m. Along the row there are flags and signs supporting immigrants and gay rights; there are diplomatic outposts including the Irish ambassador’s residence. On one doorstep, the inevitable: a package from Amazon.

Renovation of the Bezos mega-mansion is due for completion in September 2019, granting the multibillionare ready access to the Post’s state-of-the-art headquarters on K Street and, potentially, Amazon’s second HQ, for which Washington and surrounding areas are pushing hard. In a city where Donald Trump occupies the White House and owns a huge five-star hotel, it appears the stage is set for an epic battle: the world’s richest man versus its most powerful.

For two and a half years Trump has launched Twitter attacks against Bezos, spuriously claiming Amazon benefits from billions of dollars in subsidies from the US Postal Service while dodging the taxman. Few doubt the president’s animus is truly motivated by Bezos’s ownership of the Post – a bastion of what he calls the “fake news” media – along with, perhaps, envy of his wealth.

In March, Bezos topped the Forbes rich list for the first time with $112bn, making him the first person to break $100bn since Forbes began the ranking in 1987. Trump’s fortune dropped by about $400m to $3.1bn during his first year in office, leaving him as the world’s 766th-richest person – a fall of more than 200 places.

“Bezos is as rich as he claims, Trump never was,” said Michael D’Antonio, a political commentator and author of The Truth About Trump.

“He’s ranked many hundreds of places higher than Trump on the scale of wealth and he did it without any inheritance of the sort that Trump had. He’s respected in a way that Trump never was as a businessperson. He is circumspect in the way that Trump is not. He’s everything that Trump hates.”

The men are a study in contrasting styles. One is defiantly bald, the other has a combover; one has a famously raucous laugh, the other seems allergic to laughing at all; one has an iron discipline in messaging and insists on six-page memos, the other is a verbal scattergun of provocations and self-contradictions and allegedly refuses to read briefing documents.

Bezos founded Amazon as an online bookseller in 1994 and has expanded it to a retailer of breathtaking scale and range, including even groceries in brick-and-mortar stores after its $13.7bn purchase of Whole Foods Markets last year. It also runs data centres and makes TV shows and, some analysts say, is becoming dangerously big.

Bezos, 54, has poured part of his wealth into Blue Origin, a maker of rockets that aims to lead space tourism. Its owner, whose father is a Cuban immigrant, has also donated to progressive causes such as same-sex marriage and to mostly Democratic candidates in elections.

He bought the Post from the celebrated Graham family for $250m, five years ago. In a letter to its employees, he urged two kinds of courage: “The first is the courage to say wait, be sure, slow down, get another source. Real people and their reputations, livelihoods and families are at stake. The second is the courage to say follow the story, no matter the cost. While I hope no one ever threatens to put one of my body parts through a wringer, if they do, thanks to Mrs Graham’s example, I’ll be ready.”

This was a reference to former publisher Katharine Graham who, during the paper’s digging into Watergate scandal in the 1970s, was threatened by Richard Nixon’s attorney general, John Mitchell: “Katie Graham’s gonna get her tit caught in a big fat wringer if that’s published.” In an interview with Post editor Marty Baron in May 2016, Bezos elaborated: “I have a lot of very sensitive and vulnerable body parts but if need be they can all go through the wringer rather than do the wrong thing.”

#SendDonaldtoSpace

Bezos’s investment has reinvigorated the Post, enabling it to hire dozens of new reporters and take on the New York Times in an old fashioned newspaper war. Both have enjoyed increased readership in the Trump era. Both have attracted opprobrium as nodes of the anti-Trump resistance.

Trump has attempted to conflate Amazon and the Post at least a dozen times, claiming that the paper is a lobbying tool to help the Seattle-based behemoth evade sales taxes. Back in December 2015, he tweeted: “If @amazon ever had to pay fair taxes, its stock would crash and it would crumble like a paper bag. The @washingtonpost scam is saving it!”

Bezos, probably as sceptical of Trump’s electoral chances as anyone else, responded wryly: “Finally trashed by @realDonaldTrump. Will still reserve him a seat on the Blue Origin rocket. #sendDonaldtospace”

By October 2016, the Trump threat had become real. Bezos told a conference in San Francisco: “He’s not just going after the media, but threatening retribution to people who scrutinse him. He’s also saying he may not give a graceful concession speech if he loses the election. That erodes our democracy around the edges. He’s also saying he might lock up his opponent. These aren’t appropriate behaviours.”

Since the Republican insurgent’s shock victory, Bezos has followed the example of special counsel Robert Mueller by maintaining a sphinx-like silence and refusing to be baited. Nothing, it seems, infuriates the president more. D’Antonio said: “Trump doesn’t know what to do with someone who won’t play and it would be a grave mistake for Bezos to engage. He doesn’t have to.

“Bezos is just ontologically the opposite of Donald Trump and that gets under Trump’s skin. What he really hates is someone who appears to be incorruptible. He reads that as being superior, haughty, holier than thou. It’s what he hates about Mueller: that Mueller is an emblem of rectitude. There’s no evidence that Bezos is anything but a tough business person.”

Trump has upped the bombardment. Last year he pondered: “Is Fake News Washington Post being used as a lobbyist weapon against Congress to keep Politicians from looking into Amazon no-tax monopoly?” He has not yet bequeathed on Bezos one of his infamous nicknames but has come up with the formula: “Amazon Washington Post.”

What is driving this? Sam Nunberg, a former senior adviser to Trump’s election campaign, said this week: “Amazon, Google and Facebook are essentially monopolies in different sectors; even Rupert Murdoch is trying to fight Facebook. Suddenly it looks like the whole country is going to be Amazon Valley. The president does not like monopolies – he likes competition.”

As for Bezos, Nunberg said: “I think the president sure doesn’t like him but Bezos doesn’t like the president either.”

The notion that Amazon is ripping off the US Postal Service (USPS) has been widely debunked. The Politifact website rated Trump’s claim false, noting that the Amazon deal must be at least a break-even venture because a 2006 law makes it illegal for the USPS to price parcel delivery below its cost. “Amazon isn’t causing the United States Postal Service to lose a fortune,” the website concluded. “In fact, it’s contributing to its biggest growth sector, package delivery. Deals like the one with Amazon brought in $7bn in fiscal year 2017.”

Last month the Post reported that Trump has personally pushed postmaster general Megan Brennan to double the rate the USPS charges Amazon and other firms to ship packages. On Wednesday two Democrats, Elijah Cummings, ranking member of the House committee on oversight and government reform, and Gerald Connolly, ranking member of the subcommittee on government operations, rebuked the president and pointed out that Amazon is not receiving any preferential treatment.

“It is highly inappropriate to use the authority of your office to attack a political rival and seek to impair his business financially,” they wrote. “It is even more inappropriate to launch such attacks using false claims that are not supported by the facts. The allegations you have made about Amazon and the Postal Service are inaccurate, and we ask that you correct the record.”

Bezos and the Post also deny that he ever attempts to meddle in the paper’s editorial coverage. Baron told the New York Times in April: “I can’t say more emphatically he’s never suggested a story to anybody here, he’s never critiqued a story, he’s never suppressed a story. Frankly, in a newsroom of 800 journalists, if that had occurred, I guarantee you, you would have heard about it.”

D’Antonio, the Trump biographer, said: “As far as I know, Bezos is hands-off with the Washington Post and that is something that Trump can’t understand. The fact that this person would have a commitment to a free press and, as a publisher, honour the separation of editorial and business interests is anathema to Trump. His very being is a rebuke to Trump, so it all makes sense to me.

“If Trump owned a newspaper, it would be called The Daily Trump and he would have a front-page column. I have no doubt of that.”

Overlapping interests

Experts who have met Bezos and chronicled his career say he is unlikely to be fazed by Trump’s jabs. Brad Stone, author of The Everything Store: Jeff Bezos and the Age of Amazon, said: “He is extremely compelling, charismatic, incredibly intelligent, an incredibly disciplined communicator on behalf of the interests of his company. He doesn’t let emotions govern his responses. Everything is well articulated and thought out. It’s been honed at Amazon for decades.”

Amazon will be aware that Trump is not forever, Stone added. “They do think over the long term, five or 10 years, and they probably have business ambitions with the government. This is not going to last for more than three or seven years. They probably view it as a squall and they’ll stay huddled under their umbrellas until it passes.”

And even now, Trump v Bezos can be seen as a skirmish rather than all out war. The latter was among tech chief executives who met the president-elect at Trump Tower in New York in December 2016; with other tech chiefs, Bezos has also been to the White House. Amazon has continued to work with the White House on initiatives around cyber-bullying, artificial intelligence and first lady Melania Trump’s “Be Best” campaign. There are overlapping interests in space exploration.

Tim Fernholz, author of Rocket Billionaires: Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos, and the New Space Race, said: “What is interesting about this feud is that Trump’s policies towards towards commercial space companies like Blue Origin have been very positive. Things are very rosy between Blue Origin and Nasa. This is flying below the radar of everything that’s happening.”

Bezos has been obsessed with space since childhood, when he reenacted Star Trek scenes with friends.

“With Blue Origin, Jeff Bezos is very personally invested and he goes to rocket launches,” Fernholz added. “I think the Washington Post is philanthropy, an experiment in digital media – he says Don Graham talked him into buying it – whereas he was talking about rockets since he was a kid. I think he is proud of the Post and excited about space.”

Trump’s obsessive tweets are not likely to keep Bezos up at night, considering all the other complaints in Amazon’s in-tray, according to Fernholz.

“People are worried about the way they treat their workers, worried about the taxes they pay and worried about what market they’re going into next. Jeff Bezos is the world’s richest man and he’s thinking five or 10 years ahead, so he’s got bigger problems than Donald Trump to think about.”

Comment: Mr. Bezos is stated to be Cuban. In fact, he is Norwegian in ancestry and his mother divorced his birth father and later married a Cuban who is a step-father. Trump hates Bezos because the Washington Post dares to criticize him. Trump, who has delusions of grandeur and reference, believes he is actually an important person to be treated with deference and respect.

 

Russia dumps half of its US Treasury bonds

June 16, 2018

RT

Russia has held a major selloff of US Treasury bonds, dumping some $47bn-worth of papers and momentarily dropping six places on a list of major foreign holders of US securities, recently released statistics for April have shown.

In just one month, Russia proceeded to sell $47.4 billion out of the $96.1 billion the country had in US treasury bonds in March. The latest statistics released by the US Treasury Department on Friday showed that, in April, Russia had only $48.7bn in American assets, occupying 22nd place on the list of “major foreign holders of Treasury securities.”

China, which holds the most US Treasury bonds, also sold off some seven billion-worth of its American assets, from March to April, and now has $1.18 trillion invested in securities. Japan, which is positioned second on the list, in the same timeframe sold off some $12 billion, leaving just over a trillion dollars in US coffers. Ireland, which had $300.4 billion in April also managed to ditch over $17 billion in US assets.A treasury bond is a fixed-interest government debt security with a maturity of more than 10 years. Treasury bonds make interest payments two times a year.

The mass selloff of US bonds by Russian follows numerous rounds of sanctions imposed by Washington against Moscow. The punitive measures targeted some of the most important sectors of the Russian economy, by limiting American financing available to Russian banks and business sectors across all major sectors.

 

Austria angry at Germany over ‘enormous’ spy effort

Vienna has demanded an explanation from Berlin over reports that Germany’s BND agency spied on nearly 2,000 targets in Austria between 1999 and 2006. Austrian media said embassies were among the targets.

June 16, 2018

DW

Top Austrian officials have called on Germany to clarify reports that its BND spy agency snooped on high-profile targets including embassies, international organizations, Austrian ministers and banks based in the Austrian capital.

“The scale of the surveillance was enormous,” Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz said of the spy effort, which reportedly involved around 2,000 targets and took place between 1999 and 2006.

Talking to reporters at a specially convened press conference in Vienna, Kurz said his government had already contacted German authorities and demanded more information on who was spied on and when the effort was ended.

“We want to have certainty that [the surveillance] ended, and if data were saved, our request is of course for it to be deleted,” Kurz said.

Same old, same old?

Earlier this week, Austrian newspaper Der Standard and profil magazine reported that Germany’s BND was mostly snooping on diplomatic representatives in Vienna, including embassies of the US, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Libya, Afghanistan, Israel and North Korea.

The agency also monitored phone numbers and other means of contact in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and the International Atomic Energy Agency. The BND was apparently also keeping tabs on dozens of private companies, including weapons manufacturers and other key exporters, but also Austrian ministries, Islamist movements and even the country’s news agency APA.

The two media outlets said the information was provided to them by a German source.

However, it was not immediately clear if the latest revelations were linked with a similar scandal in 2015, when the BND was accused of helping US intelligence agencies spy on several European countries, including Austria.

Spying among friends

Following revelations by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden in 2013, German Chancellor Angela Merkel slammed the US for its extensive spying on targets in Germany. “Spying among friends is not at all acceptable,” she famously said in the wake of the scandal.

The quote came back to haunt Merkel with the subsequent revelation of BND’s role in the spying.

On Saturday, however, Austrian President Alexander Van der Bellen seemed to echo the comments by saying that “spying among friendly states is not just unusual and unwanted, it’s unacceptable.”

In Germany, a parliamentary committee in charge of controlling the intelligence agencies said it was already looking into the allegations and attempting to determine how much of it was new information. It announced that the first results should be expected by the end of the coming week.

 

CIA Spying on Germany

June 17, 2018

by Christian Jürs

The CIA and the rest of the U.S. intelligence community have been actively conducting so-called ‘unilateral’ intelligence collection operations inside the Germany since the end of World War II.

The CIA’s huge ‘German Station’, which was headquartered for most of the 1950s in the massive I.G. Farben Building in downtown Frankfurt, closely monitored every move of the hundreds of Soviet and Eastern European diplomats, as well as activities of the German Communist Party, which CIA analysts believed took its marching orders from Moscow.

These clandestine operations by the CIA were conducted with the knowledge and consent of the German foreign intelligence service, the Bundesnachrictendienst (BND), and/or the country’s internal security service, the Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (BfV). This practice was codified in a secret document called the Contractual Agreement, signed on April 5, 1955 by the chief of the CIA’s German Station, retired U.S. Army Lt. General Lucian K. Truscott, and by Dr. Hans Glöbke, the special assistant for security matters to German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer. The agreement clearly defined and delineated what sorts of activities the U.S., British and French intelligence services could, and could not, do on German soil.

In reality, the CIA and other U.S. intelligence agencies treated the terms of the Contractual Agreement more as a series of general guidelines rather than hard-and-fast rules of behavior. Even after the signing of the Contractual Agreement in 1955, the CIA continued to secretly conduct clandestine intelligence collection and covert action operations inside Germany that were deliberately not disclosed to the German government because these operations were directed at Germany itself and involved knowledge of German intelligence activities as well as a plethora of other information on German business and banking activities.

These operations included the covert suborning of German intelligence, governmental and business entities spying on nearly all aspects of German business and political activities.

The CIA was also conducting a series of highly sensitive unilateral spying targeting the embassies and trade missions of a number of hostile targets, such as the Cuban embassy in Bonn and Iran’s large trade mission in Frankfurt. And the listening posts of the NSA quietly intercepted and decoded much of the diplomatic communications of the West German government right up until the present day

In West Berlin, where the BND never had a presence during most of the Cold War, the CIA’s Berlin Operations Base and a unit of U.S. Army intelligence monitored the activities of all  local German politicians. They also tapped the local telephone and telegraph lines and opened all German mail going to and from the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe as well as all internal governmental and business messaging.

But the tearing down of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, the reunification of Germany in October 1990, and collapse of the Soviet Union in December 1991 all had a tremendous impact on U.S.-German intelligence relations. Literally overnight, the ties that had closely bound the U.S. and German intelligence communities together throughout the Cold War were dissolved.

The U.S. intelligence community reduced the relatively small amount of data that it shared with the BND, and severely trimmed the financial subsidies that formerly had comprised a significant amount of the German intelligence budget. And in Washington political circles, a unified Germany was now viewed not only as a competitor to U.S. dominance in Europe, but also as an economic rival in global trade markets.

For these reasons, CIA spying inside Germany intensified significantly in the years immediately after the end of the Cold War, with much of the Agency’s focus shifting to German diplomatic, financial and trade relations with countries such as Libya, Syria, Iraq and Iran.

The CIA’s intensified espionage activities inside Germany did not go unnoticed by the German internal security service, the BfV, which kept a watching eye on CIA case officers based in Germany, quietly noting which German government officials the Agency officers were talking to or had suborned to work for them.

Then an event occurred which changed the way the German viewed the CIA’s espionage activities inside their country. In January 1995, the French government publicly declared persona non grata the CIA station chief in Paris, Richard L. “Dick” Holm, his deputy, and three other CIA case officers, including a female CIA officer who was trying to collect sensitive economic data from a French government official.

France’s move convinced a number of senior German government and intelligence officials that perhaps the time had come to put a stop to the lay down CIA’s comparable economic espionage activities in Germany.

According to a former CIA official, in late 1996 the BfV caught a CIA officer attached to the U.S. embassy in Berlin trying to surreptitiously obtain confidential information about German equipment sales to Iran’s nuclear industry.

The intelligence came from Klaus Dieter von Horn, a high-ranking official with the German Economics Ministry who headed the office in charge of trade relations with Iran. The BfV informed the German government, and Berlin demanded that the CIA officer be expelled from the country for “activities incompatible with his diplomatic post.” This is termed ‘persona non grata.”

A very public diplomatic fracas ensued in March 1997, when the German Foreign Ministry leaked to the German press that they had declared the CIA officer persona non grata and ordered him to leave the country.

Furious efforts by the CIA station chief in Berlin at the time, Floyd L. Paseman, to convince the German government to rescind the expulsion order failed to achieve the desired result, and the CIA was forced to put the officer on a plane back to Washington.

Following this debacle, two years later in September 1999, the CIA was forced to recall three of its undercover case officers stationed at the U.S. consulate in Munich who were caught by the BfV.

The American spies had been trying to recruit another German government official with access to sensitive economic information.

According to a former German security official, two of the CIA officers were what are referred to within the CIA as NOCs (non-official cover agents), posing as a husband-wife team of American businessmen trying to collect information about German high-tech companies based in and around Munich.

The German Foreign Ministry wanted the CIA’s Chief of Station in Berlin, David Edgar, declared persona non grata and expelled from the country in order to send a sharp message to Washington that Berlin would not tolerate any more unauthorized behavior by the CIA. But the German Foreign Ministry was overruled, and Edgar was allowed to remain at his post until he rotated back to the U.S. in 2001.

In spite of these actions on the part of an angered German government, it is clear that the CIA’s clandestine operations have not been curtailed in any meaningful way, despite American governmental repeated public pledges to impose restrictions on these sorts of activities.

And perhaps more importantly, given the massive amount of publicity given to the recent revelations about NSA spying inside Germany, why was this particular operation authorized in the first place? Is finding out what the German parliament is doing behind closed doors about the Snowden revelations worth the price of causing irreparable harm to U.S. diplomatic, economic and intelligence relations with Germany?

In the summer of 2011, the CIA station chief in Berlin asked one of the most powerful intelligence officials in Germany to go on a private walk with him, the German newsmagazine Der Spiegel reports. The American spy had an important message to convey: one of Germany’s own senior officials was leaking information to the press.

The suspected leaker, Hans Josef Vorbeck, had been in contact with Spiegel, the station chief told the German official, Günter Heiss. Head of Division 6, Heiss is responsible for coordinating Germany’s intelligence services. Vorbeck was his deputy.

In late 2010, Spiegel magazine became target of CIA anger by publishing thousands of classified cables provided by WikiLeaks. The cables detailed evidence of potential war crimes committed by U.S. forces in Iraq and revealed the grinding day-to-day toll of the United States’ war in Afghanistan. The U.S. government responded to the leaks by launching a Department of Justice investigation.

Several months later, in the summer of 2011, the CIA apparently identified an alleged source of leaks within the German government and tried to shut it down. Citing CIA and NSA documents, as well as three independent government sources in both Berlin and Washington D.C., the CIA station chief specifically identified the magazine as the center of the alleged leaking.

The Obama administration developed a reputation for aggressively investigating journalists and their confidential sources in cases involved leaked national security information — serving subpoenas for phone records linked to reporters at major news organizations investigating sensitive CIA stories, dragging a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist through a multi-year legal battle in an effort to reveal an alleged government source, and applying the Espionage Act to target whistleblowers leaking to journalists more times than every previous administration combined.

At Ramstein Air Base — one of the largest U.S. military intelligence installations abroad — Germany has played a crucial supporting role in the United States’ ‘global war on terror’. It has been publicly confirmed that Ramstein serves as a key element in Washington’s controversial targeted killing operations against Syrian civilians.

And this role continued, in spite of the revelation that in 2013, leaked NSA documents indicating that the U.S. intelligence agency had eavesdropped on German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s phone strained relations between the countries. Leaked NSA documents published by WikiLeaks and the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung, included a list of nearly 70 phone and fax numbers purporting to show that U.S. surveillance of its purported ally has in fact included a broad circle of German officials beyond the chancellor.

 

US-linked domestic intelligence in Germany   after 1945   

 

BGS    Bundesgrenzschutz

Federal Border Guard of (West) Germany after WWII. Renamed in July 2005 to Bundespolizei (Federal Police) or BPOL.

BKA    Bundeskriminalamt

Federal Criminal Police Office.

BND    Bundesnachrichtendienst

The BND is the German Foreign Intelligence Agency, established in 1956 as the successor to Organisation Gehlen (OG). The BND is known within the CIA by its code name CASCOPE.

BPOL    Bundespolizei

Federal Police force of Germany, after renaming the Bundesgrenzschutz (BGS) to Bundespolizei (BPOL).

BSI    Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik

Federal Office for Information Security.

BfV    Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz

Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution

LfV    Landesämter für Verfassungsschutz (16 units)

State Offices for the Protection of the Constitution (one in each of the federal states). The activities are coordinated by the BfV.

MAD    Militärischer Abschirmdienst

Military Counter-intelligence Service (Military Screening Service).

OG    Organisation Gehlen

Also known as ORG. West-German secret intelligence agency, established in June 1946 by US occupation authorities in the US Zone of Germany. The agency consisted of former members of the 12th Department of the German Army General Staff (Foreign Armies East) and carried the name of Wehrmacht major Reinhard Gehlen, who had been head of German military intelligence in the Eastern section during WWII. After much criticism for hiring former Nazis, the organization was dissolved into the current Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND) on 1 April 1956. Reinhard Gehlen stayed on as president of the organisation until his retirement in 1968.

ORG    Organisation Gehlen  OG

 

List of CIA front organizations, domestic and foreign

  • AALC, see Afro-American Labor Center
  • A.P.I. Distributors, Inc.
  • Actus Technology
  • ADEP, see Popular Democratic Action
  • Advertising Center, Inc.
  • Aero Associates
  • Aero Service Corp. of Philadelphia
  • Aero Systems, Inc
  • Aero Systems Pvt. Ltd
  • AFME, see American Friends of the Middle East)
  • African-American Institute
  • Agencia Orbe Latinoamericano
  • Agribusiness Development, Inc.
  • AID (Agency for International Development – shared facilities with NIA)
  • Air America
  • Air Asia
  • Air Proprietary Company
  • All Ceylon Youth Council Movement
  • Alliance for Anti-totalitarian Education
  • American Committee for Liberation (of Cuba)
  • American Committee on a United Europe
  • America Fore Insurance Group
  • American Association of the Middle East
  • American Committee for Liberation from Bolshevism, Inc.
  • American Committee for the Liberation of the People of Russia
  • American Committee for the International Commission of Jurists
  • American Council of Churches
  • American Economic Foundation
  • American Federation for Fundemental Research
  • American Federation of Labor/Congress of Industrial Organization (AFL/CIO)
  • American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME)
  • American Foundation for the Middle East
  • American Friends of the Middle East
  • American Friends of the Russian Freedom
  • American Friends Service Committee
  • American Fund for Czechoslovak Refugees
  • American Fund For Free Jurists
  • American Geographic Society
  • American Historical Society
  • American Institute for Free Labor Development (AIFLD)
  • American Institute of Cairo
  • American Machine & Foundry
  • American Mutual Insurance Company
  • American Newspaper Guild
  • American Newspaper Publishers
  • American Political Science Association
  • American Research Center in Egypt, Inc.
  • Anderson Security Associates (Virginia)
  • American Society of African Culture
  • American University – Special Operations Research Office
  • Ames Research Center
  • M.D. Anderson Foundation
  • ANSA (Italian Wire Service)
  • Antell, Wright & Nagel
  • Anti-Communist Christian Front
  • Anti-Communist Liberation Movement
  • Anti-Totalitarian Board of Solidarity with the People of Vietnam
  • Anti-Totalitarian Youth movement
  • Appalachian Fund
  • Armairco
  • Area Tourist Association
  • Arbian-American Oil Company
  • Arnim Proprietary, Ltd
  • Arrow Air
  • Ashland Oil and Refining Company
  • Asia Foundation
  • Association American Oriental Society
  • Association of Former Intelligence Officers
  • Association of American Geographers
  • Association of Computing Machinery
  • Association of Friends of Venezuela
  • Association of Preparatory Students
  • Atomics, Physics & Science Fund, Inc.
  • Atwater Research Program in North Africa
  • Audio Intelligence Devices, Inc.
  • Australian Association for Cultural Freedom
  • Assoziation ungarischer Studenten in Nordamerika

 

 

  • B.R. Fox Laboratories (B.R. Fox Company)
  • Bahamas Commonwealth Bank
  • Bank of Lisle
  • Ball, Janik, and Novack
  • Bankers Trust Company
  • Basic Resources
  • Battelle Memorial Institute
  • Beacon Fund (West)
  • Berliner Verein (West)
  • Berliner Verein zur Forderung der Bildungshilfe in Entwicklungslandern (West)
  • Berliner Verein zur Forderung der Publizistik in Entwicklungslandern
  • Bird Air
  • Bishop, Baldwin, Rewald, Dillingham and Wong
  • Blythe & Company, Inc
  • Boni, Watkins, Jason & Company
  • Brazilian Institute for Democratic Action (IBAD)
  • BRS Holding Company
  • Broad and High Foundation
  • J. Frederick Brown Foundation
  • Bruce Campbell and Company
  • Burndy Corporation
  • Burgerkomitee für AuBenpolitik (SS)
  • Butte Pipe Line Company

 

 

  • Cahill, Gordon, Reindel & Ohl
  • Cahill & Wilinski
  • Caramar (Caribbean Marine Aero Corp)
  • California Shipbuilding Corporation
  • Caribban Marine Area Corporation
  • Caspian Pipeline Consortium
  • Castle Bank and Trust
  • Catherwood Foundation
  • (CRESS) Center for Strategic Studies
  • (CEAS) CEOSL, see Ecuadorean Confederation of Free Trade Union Organizations
  • Center for Strategic and International Studies
  • Center of Studies and Social Action
  • Central Investigative Agency
  • Century Special (controled by ICC)
  • Chalk№s International Airlines
  • Chesapeake Foundation
  • Church League of America
  • Civil Air Transport
  • Civilian Irregular Defense Group(s
  • Civilian Military Assistance
  • Clothing and Textiles Workers Union COG, see Guayana Workers Confederation
  • CMI Investments
  • Coastal Products
  • Coastal Trade Unions Cross, Murphy and Smith
  • Cocke and Phillips International
  • Columbian Financial Development Company
  • Colt’s Patent Fire Arms Company
  • Committee for Free Albania
  • Committee for the Defense of National Interests
  • Committee for Liberty of Peoples
  • Committee of One Million Against the Admission of Communist China to the United Nations
  • Communications Workers of America (CWA)
  • Community Congress for Cultural Freedom
  • Combat Military Ordinances Ltd.
  • Computerized Thermal Imaging, Inc.
  • Confederation for an Independent Poland
  • Conference of the Atlantic
  • Continental Press
  • Continental Shelf Explorations, Inc.
  • Cooperative League of America
  • Coordinating Committee of Free Trade Unionists of Ecuador
  • Coordinating Secretariat of National Unions of Students (cosec), see International Student Conference (ISC)
  • Corporate Air Services
  • Cosden Petroleum Corporation
  • COSECOIN (Corporate Security Consultants International
  • Council on Economic and Cultural Affairs, Inc
  • Council of Foreign Relations
  • Cox, Langford, Stoddard & Cutler
  • CRC, see Cuban Revolutionary Council
  • Crest Detective Agency (Santa Monica)
  • CROCLE, see Regional Confederation of Ecuadoreas
  • Crossroads of Africa
  • Crusade for Freedom
  • Cryogenics, Inc.
  • CSU, see Urugayan Labor Conference
  • CTM, see Mexican Worker Confederation
  • Cuban Portland Cement Company
  • Cuban Revolutionary Council (CRC, Cuban Exile)
  • Cummings and Seller
  • Curtis Publishing Company
  • CUT, see Uruguayan Confederation of Workers

 

 

  • Daddario & Burns
  • Dane Aviation Supply
  • Debevoise, Plimpton, Lyons & Gates (West)
  • Defense Services, Inc
  • Defense Systems, International
  • Dektor Counterinteligence (Virginia)
  • Deutscher Kunstlerbund
  • Dominion Rubber Company
  • Double-Check Corporation
  • DRE, see Revolutionary Student Directorate in Exile

 

 

  • Eagle Aviation Technology and Services
  • Eagleton Institute of Politics – Princeton University East Asian Institute
  • East-West Center
  • EATSCO (the Egyptian American Transport and Service Company)
  • EC (see also EC varients, PGES, Granville Road Company, Idaho Power Systems, Coastal Products, Fouch Electric, Linnco Electric, and law firm of Ball, Janik, and Novak)
  • EC Company
  • EC Distributing
  • EC Engineering
  • EC Pulp and Paper
  • EC Technical Services
  • EC Voice and Data
  • Ecuadorean Anti-Communist Action
  • Ecuadorean Anti-Communist Front
  • Ecuadorean Confederation of Free Trade Union Organizations (CEOSL)
  • Ecuadorean Federation of Telecommunications Workers (FENETEL)
  • Editors Press Service
  • Edsel Fund
  • Electrical Construction
  • Electrical Contractors
  • Electrical Contractors of Oregon
  • Electric Storage Battery Company
  • El Gheden Mining Corporation
  • Encounter Magazine
  • End Kadhmir Dispute Committee
  • Energy Resources
  • Ensayos
  • ERC International, Inc.
  • ESI Electronic Specialties, Inc.
  • Enstnischer Nationalrat
  • Enstnischer Weltzentralrat
  • Estrella Company
  • Europe Assembly of Captive Nations
  • Evergreen International Air
  • Exeter Banking Company

 

  • Fairfield Aviation
  • Farfield Foundation, Inc.
  • Federal League for Ruralist Action (Ruralistas)
  • Federation for a Democratic Germany in Free Europe
  • Fed. Inte. des Journalistes de Tourisme
  • FENETEL, see Ecuadorean Federation of Telecommunications Workers
  • Fidelity Reporting Service
  • Fiduciary Trust
  • First Florida Resource Corporation
  • Food, Drink and Plantation Workers Union
  • Ford Foundation
  • Foreign Broadcast Information
  • Foreign News Service
  • Foreign Press Association B.C
  • Forest Products, Ltd.
  • “Forum” (Wein)
  • Fouch Electric
  • Foundation for International and Social Behavior
  • Foundation for Student Affairs
  • Franklin Broadcasting Company
  • Free Africa Organization of Colored People
  • Free Europe Committee, Inc
  • Free Europe Exile Relations
  • Free Europe Press Division
  • Freie Universitat (FU)
  • Frente Departmental de Compensinos de Puno
  • Fund For Peace
  • Fund for International, Social and Economic Development

 

  • Gambia National Youth Council
  • GEICO (Government Employees Insurance Company)
  • Geneva’s Exchange and Investment Bank
  • Geological Society of America
  • George L. Barnes & Associates (Los Angeles)
  • Georgia Council on Human Relations
  • Gibralter Steamship Corp
  • Global Financial
  • Global International Airways
  • Glore, Forgan & Company
  • Golden West Airlines
  • Goldstein, Judd & Gurfein
  • Gotham Foundation
  • Government Affairs Institute
  • Grace Capital
  • W.R. Grace and Company
  • Grandville Road Company
  • Gray and Company
  • Granary Fund
  • Great American Banks
  • Grey Advertising Agency
  • Gulf Stream, Ltd.
  • Gulf Oil Corporation
  • Guyana Workers Confederation (COG)

 

 

  • Andrew Hamilton Fund
  • Heights Fund
  • Joshua Hendy Iron Works
  • Hercules Research Corporation
  • Hierax
  • Hill & Knowlton
  • Himalayan Convention
  • Histadrut – The Federation of Labor in Israel
  • Hiwar
  • Hoblitzelle Foundation
  • Hodson Corporation
  • Hogan & Hartson, legal firm (Edward Bennett Williams firm)
  • Hoover Institute on War, Revolution and Peace
  • Howard Hughes Medical Institute
  • Hutchins Advertising Company of Canada
  • Huyck Corporation

 

  • IBAD, see Brazilian Institute for Democratic Action
  • IBM (International Business Machines)
  • ICC (International Controls Corp
  • Idaho Power Systems
  • Impossible Electronic Techniques (Russiaville, In.)
  • Independence Foundation
  • Independent Research Service
  • Industrial Research Service
  • Information Security International Inc.
  • Institut zur Erforschung der USSR e.V.
  • Institute Battelle Memorial
  • Institute of Historical Review
  • Institute of International Education
  • Institute of International Labor Research Education
  • Institute of Political Education
  • Institute of Public Administration
  • Inter-American Capital
  • Intermountain Aviation
  • Inter-Probe, Inc.
  • Interarmco (International Armament Corp.)
  • Intercontinental Industries
  • Intercontinental Finance Corporation
  • Intercontinental Research Corporation
  • Intermountain Aviation
  • International-American Center of Economic and Social Studies
  • International-American Federation of Journalists
  • International-American Federation of Working Newspapermen (IFWN)
  • International-American Labor College
  • International-American Police Academy, see International Police Academy
  • International-American Regional Labor Organization (ORIT)
  • International Armament Corporation (INTERARMCO) International Air Tours of Nigeria
  • International Bancorp, Ltd
  • International Business Communications
  • International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (IFCTU)
  • International Commission of Jurists (ICJ)
  • International Cooperation Administration (ICA)
  • International Credit Bank of Switzerland
  • International Development Foundation, Inc.
  • International Fact Finding Institute
  • International Federation of Christian Trade Unions IFCTU, see World Confederation of Labor
  • International Federation of Journalists
  • International Federation of Petroleum and Chemical Workers (IFPCW)
  • International Federation of Plantation, Agriculture and Allied Workers (IFPAAW)
  • International Federation of Women Lawyers (IFWL)
  • International Geographical Union
  • International Investigators, Inc.
  • International Journalists Conference
  • International Labor Research Institute
  • International Press Institute
  • International Rescue Committee
  • International Police Services (INPOLSE)
  • International Secretatiate of the Pax Romana
  • International Student Conference (ISC)
  • International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation (ITT)
  • International Trade Services
  • International Trade Secretariats
  • International Trading and Investment Guaranty Corp., Ltd.,
  • International Transport Workers Federation (ITF)
  • International Union Officials Trade Organizations
  • International Union of Young Christian Democrats
  • International Youth Center
  • Internationale Federation der Mittel- und Osteuropas
  • Internationale Organization zur Erforschung kommunistischer Nethoden
  • Internationaler Bund freier Journalisten
  • Internationales Hilfskomitee
  • Intertel (International Intelligence Incorporated)
  • IOS (Investor№s Overseas Services)
  • ITT (International Telephone and Telegraph)

 

 

  • Japan Cultural Forum
  • John P. Muldoon Detective Agency
  • Joseph Z. Taylor & Associates Kenyon Electronics

 

  • KAMI
  • Kaplan Fund, Inc.
  • Kennedy & Sinclaire, Inc.
  • Kentfield Fund J.M.
  • Kenya Federation of Labour
  • Khmer Airlines
  • Kilmory Investments, Ltd
  • Kimberly-Clark Corporation
  • Komittee fur internationale Beziehungen
  • Komittee fur Selbstbestimmung
  • Komittee fur die Unabhangigkeit des Kaukasus
  • Korean C.I.A.
  • Korean Freedom and Cultural Foundation, Inc.

 

 

 

  • Labor Committee for Democratic Action
  • Lake Resources
  • Law Enforcement Assistance Administration
  • Law Enforcement Intelligence Unit
  • Lawyer’s Constitutional Defense Committee
  • League for Industrial Democracy
  • League for International Social and Cooperative Development
  • Ligue de la Liberte
  • Linking Progressive Corp., S.A.
  • Linnco Electric
  • Litton Industrial Company
  • London American

 

  • Management Safeguards, Inc.
  • Manhattan Coffee Company
  • Maritime Support Unit
  • Marconi Telegraph-Cable Company
  • Marshall Foundation, Center for International Studies (MIT-CIS)
  • Martin Marietta Company
  • Mathieson Chemical Corporation
  • McCann-Erikson, Inc.
  • Megadyne Electronics
  • Mercantile Bank and Trust Company
  • Merex
  • Meridian Arms
  • Charles E. Merrill Trust
  • Mexican Workers Confederation (CTM)
  • Military Armaments Corp.
  • Miner & Associates
  • Mineral Carriers, Ltd.
  • MITRE Corporation
  • Mobil Oil Company
  • Molden-Verlag
  • Monroe Fund
  • Moore-McCormack Lines, Inc.
  • Moral Majority Moral Rearmament Movement
  • Mount Pleasant Trust
  • Movement for Integrated University Action
  • Robert Mullen Company
  • Narodno Trudouoj Sojus (NTS)
  • National Academy of Sciences
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  • National Board for Defense of Sovereignty and Continental Solidarity
  • National Catholic Action Board
  • National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse
  • National Council of Churches
  • National Defense Front
  • National Educational Films, Inc.
  • National Education Association
  • National Endowment for the Preservation of Liberty
  • National Federation of Petroleum and Chemical Workers of Ecuador
  • National Feminist Movement for the Defense of Uruguay
  • National Intelligence Academy,
  • National Railways Security Bureau, Inc
  • National Research Council
  • National Student Association
  • National Student Press Council of India
  • National Union of Journalists of Ecuador
  • Newsweek
  • New York Times
  • Norman Fund
  • Norman Jaspan Associates
  • North American Rockwell Corporation
  • North American Uranium, Inc
  • Norwich Pharmaceutical Company
  • Nugan Fruit Group
  • Nugan Hand Bank

 

 

  • Oceanic Cargo
  • Oil Workers International Union
  • Omni Spectra, Inc. (Tempe, Az.)
  • Operations and Policy Research, Inc.
  • Orange Spot
  • Organix. Ukrainischer Nationalisten (OUN)
  • ORIT, see International-American Regional Labor Organization
  • Overseas New Agency
  • Overseas Southeast Asia Supply Company

 

  • Pacific Corporation
  • Pacific Life Insurance
  • Paderewski Foundation
  • PAMCO (Pacific Aircraft Maintenance Company
  • Pan-American Foundation
  • Pan Aviation
  • Pappss Charitable Trust
  • Parvus
  • Jere Patterson & Associates
  • Pax Romana
  • Peace and Freedom
  • Penobscot Land & Investment Company
  • Phoenix Financial
  • Plant Protection, Inc.
  • Plenary of Democratic Civil Organizations of Uruguay
  • Pope & Ballard
  • Popular Democratic Action (ADEP)
  • Press Institute of India
  • Price Fund
  • Project Democracy
  • Property Resources, Ltd.
  • Public Service International (PSI)
  • Publisher’s Council

 

  • Rabb Charitable Foundation
  • Radio Americas
  • Radio Free Europe
  • Radio Free Asia
  • Radio Liberty
  • Radio Liberty Committee, Inc.
  • Radio Liberation
  • Radio Swan
  • Rand Corporation
  • Rapid-American Corp.
  • Red Pearl Bay, S.A.
  • Regional Confederation of Ecuadorean Coastal Trade Unions (CROCLE)
  • Research Foundation for Foreign Affairs
  • Resorts International (Parent of Intertel)
  • Retail Clerk’s International Association
  • Revolutionary Democratic Front (RFD, Cuban exile)
  • Reynolds Metal Company
  • Robert A. Maheu Associates
  • Robert R. Mullen Company
  • Rubicon Foundation
  • Rumanisches Nationalkomitee
  • Russian and East European Institute
  • Russian Institute
  • Russian Research Center

 

 

  • Safir
  • Saman
  • San Jacinto Foundation
  • San Miguel Fund
  • SBONR
  • SECOIN (Security Consultants International)
  • Sentinels of Liberty
  • Sheffield Edwards & Associates (Virginia) :
  • Shenandoah Airleasing
  • SIONICS
  • Southern Air Transport Spectre Security Products (Orange, Ca)
  • Sith & Company
  • Social Christian Movement of Ecuador
  • Sociedade Anomima de Radio Retransmissao (RARETSA)
  • Society for Defense of Freedom in Asia
  • SODECO (Sakhalin Oil Development Cooperation Co)
  • SODIMAC Southern Air Transport
  • St. Lucia Airways
  • Standard Commerz Bank of Switzerland
  • Standard Electronics, Inc.
  • Standish Ayer & McKay, Inc.
  • Stanford Technology Trading Group International (STTGI)
  • Strauss Fund
  • Sterling Chemical Co.
  • Streamlight, Inc. (King of Prussia, Pa.)
  • Student Movement for Democratic Action
  • Sur International
  • Sullivan & Cromwell
  • Summit Aviation
  • Sylvania Electric Products, Inc.
  • Synod of Bishops of the Russian Church Outside of Russia
  • Systems Development Corporation

 

 

  • Tarantel Press
  • Tetra Tech International
  • Thai-Pacific Services Company
  • The Aquatic Club
  • The Bourbon and Beefsteak Bar and Restaurant
  • The Broyhill Building (Arlington, VA)
  • The Law Association for Asia and the Western Pacific
  • The Second National Bank of Homstead (Florida)
  • The Texas Tavern
  • The Washington Monthly
  • The World Finance Corporation
  • Tibet Convention
  • Time Magazine
  • Tower Fund
  • Tractron (Vienna, Va.)
  • Trade Winds Motel
  • Transmaritania
  • Trident Bank
  • Twentieth Century Fund

 

 

  • Udall Corp.
  • Unabhangiger Forschugsdienst
  • Ungarischer Nationalrat
  • United Fruit Company
  • United States Youth Council
  • United Ukrainian American Relief Committee
  • Universal Service Corporation
  • Untersuchungsausschub freiheitlicher Juristen (UfJ)
  • Uruguayan Committee for Free Detention of Peoples
  • Uruguayan Confederation of Workers (CUT)
  • Uruguayan Labor Confederation (CSU)
  • USAID (Agency for International Development – shared facilities with NIA)
  • USIA (United States Information Agency
  • USIA Weapon Sales
  • U.S. News and World Report
  • U.S.-Russian Commercial Energy Working Group

 

 

  • Vanguard Service Corporation
  • Varicon, Inc
  • Vector, Ltd.
  • Venture Fund

 

 

  • Wackenhut
  • Wainwright and Matthews Joseph Walter & Sons
  • Warden Trust
  • Erwim Wasey, Ruthrauff & Ryan, Inc.
  • Wexton Advertising Agency
  • Western International Ground Maintenance Organization (WIGMO)
  • Whitten Trust
  • Wikipedia
  • Williford-Telford Corporation
  • World Assembly of Youth (WAY)
  • World Confederation of Labour
  • World Marine, Inc.
  • Wynnewood Fund

 

 

  • York Research Corporation

 

  • Zapato Off-Shore Oil Company
  • Zapato Petroleum Corp
  • Zenith Technical Enterprizes
  • Zen Nihon Gakusei Jichikai Sorengo
  • Zentrale for Studien und Dokumentation
  • Zweites deutschen fernsehen (ZDF)

 

 

 

No responses yet

Leave a Reply