TBR News May 7, 2011

May 07 2011

The Voice of the White House

Washington, D.C., May 5, 2011: “I find the American media extremely entertaining by their slavish and frantic efforts to blanket the nation with whatever disconnected fiction the White House has been inventing about the bin Laden alleged capture. If Obama’s people decided that bin Laden was wearing a dress at the time, believe it that the New York Times would trumpet this above the fold on the front page, followed with eight more supportive articles inside. No wonder the American print media is collapsing!

See “Osama bin Laden’s Death: Implications and Considerations” (pdf), May 5, 2011.

And on another subject, I have been observing that when I click on a legitimate news article, very often an advertisement pops up behind it. These ads are mostly for third rate services such as toenail trimming, goat neutering, local whore houses, and products made in China that are guaranteed to poison you or your pet. I have discovered that this unwanted trash comes from Google who is flooding the Internet with reeking commercial garbage, complete with flies and cockroaches. And every time I look at Google and click on something of interest, I am informed that Google had decided to redirct me to more trash ads. If you delete this crap, you can get back to the main Google page and reclick on the desired subject. This time you will get it without the local emporiums who peddle used douche bags. Google also is well-known to work for the government and eagerly supplies any agency with personal material they have acquired from Internet viewers. Facebook is almost as bad but Google is much bigger and much more odious.”

Google, Privacy, and You

by Stuart Brown

Google was recently touted as ‘worst on privacy’ out of a sample of online organisations, according to a study by Privacy International. Whether you agree with the verdict or not, there’s no doubting that Google is in a powerful position as far as sensitive user information is concerned.

Google’s popularity as a search engine is so far ahead of the competition that it is almost a sure bet that you, the reader, have performed a Google search recently. But never mind the sordid secrets of your search history, Google also has information from each of their seemingly-pervasive services – email, instant messenger, your location, what you’ve been shopping for, when you sleep, etc – all of which builds up a comprehensive profile about you and your interests.

With information like that, and the algorithms to match, Google could very well know more about you than you think.

‘But how can they identify me?’

There are a number of distinct ways Google can track your activity – the most direct and simplest is by using your IP address. Whilst it is true for most people that the IP address will change over time, Google also employs the use of a HTTP cookie to track usage on a given computer – and the cookie in question is set to expire many years in the future.

With this combination of cookie and IP, Google can link you activity fairly closely on any single computer – but this system doesn’t take into account situations where a user may access the internet from multiple locations, using different computers. Tracking across multiple access points like this is not so easy with IP and cookie alone – but should you use a Google service where you have to log in (such as Gmail, Google Reader, etc.), then even distinct sessions on completely separate networks can be linked together.

Put simply, for a user of Google’s authenticated services, Google can track you whether you’re at work, at home, or on holiday.

Location, Location, Location

The AdWords system may analyze a searcher’s query (for example “London florist”) to establish what location that person is searching for. The system may also take note of the person’s Internet Protocol (IP) address to see where he or she is searching from. (from Regional and Local Targeting: Sharpen Your Advertising Focus)

Your IP address reveals more about you than you might think – it’s more than just your location on a network. Most IP addresses can be geographically traced – usually down to your city, but often with greater accuracy – if your workplace has their own IP range, then Google know where you work.

If you use Google in more than one location – and if you sign in to a Google service – then you can be sure they put the information together, forming a profile of IP addresses and geographic locales you frequent – and possibly your place of work, the hours you spend there, and which days you have off.

This sort of information can be used to form a comprehensive profile on your activities – with knowledge of your geographic location, (potentially) your workplace and working hours (and hence gain an idea of your job sector), Google can build a up a profile of your life and employment habits. They potentially know whether you’re a student, unemployed, working full-time or part-time, and based on your demographic and job sector, they may even have a good estimate as to how much your salary is.

Why would they build up a picture of your demographic and estimate your earning potential? Makes perfect sense if you’re selling advertising – and with their AdWords program, Google are very interested in selling advertising space.

Not just Google.com

Speaking of advertising, you may be familiar with Google’s own blend of text adverts. They’re everywhere, and unless you specifically block them you’re connecting with Google’s own servers every time you see one. Presumably, this means that Google can track precisely which sites you’re visiting – further helping to build up a profile of what sort of thing you’re interested in.

It’s not just AdWords, either – many sites (including this one) track visitors using Google Analytics, a free service that supplies visitor information to Google.

And if you’ve got the Google toolbar installed, every single site you visit is transmitted back, so there could be a massive web history linked together with your searching activity. The potential amount of information stored against each individual user is staggering.

But why collect this information?

Demographic site selection will help you choose sites where you’re very likely to find the people you want to reach. (from AdWords Help Center: What is demographic site selection?)

Simple: ad targeting. A targeted advert is multiple times better than the blunderbuss approach, and Google’s business model revolves around their advertising becoming very targeted. AdWords is a lot more complex than simply offering the same set of adverts for the same set of keywords – they know (based on previous ad performance and the information they’ve collected on you) which ads are more likely to appeal, and thus which are more likely to result in a sale.

By supplying the most relevant ads, they keep their advertisers happy by offering the maximum possible efficiency of their advertisements – and they maintain their high levels of income from such advertisers.

Of course, it’s not just the advertisers Google have to keep happy – the search users themselves also need a reason to keep on coming back, and the information Google collect about your search history is now coming into play in the non-paid search results.

If Google knows is familiar with your particular interests, certain searches can be altered based on personal factors. For much of the search engine’s history, Google has essentially performed ‘dumb searches’ – i.e. a certain keyword would return a certain result set, regardless of the user. More recently, however, Google have been introducing changes to the results based on parameters determined by the user – language and locale are two of the simpler variables, but you can be certain there are more in play, and Google are no doubt keen to incorporate their full knowledge of your past activity to maximise both their ad performance and their relevant search results.

Where does the personalisation end?

More relevant results are all very well and good, but as Google works to improve its knowledge of you, there is an increase in the number of ethical and privacy issues which they will encounter. Never mind the censorship issue in China, with advanced profiling there could be some moral quandaries.

Google is a company – they are a money-seeking organisation. At what point does ad-targeting stop becoming ‘efficient’ and enter the ‘ruthless’ territory?

Should Google identify your interests to such a strong degree that it knows precisely what you covet, what is to stop them from bombarding you with targeted adverts until you finally relent? Could this be the beginning of a new surge in targeted consumerism?

Imagine advertising desirable consumer products to those who can’t afford it, waiting until they run up massive debts, then offering advertisements for ‘debt relief services’. An autonomous system designed for making money is a dangerous thing indeed.

And what if, with their extensive profiling, Google were able to identify deeply personal issues with their searchers? Imagine if Google knew about your love life and marital status (think Google Romance, but in real life). What if the ‘plex knew your marriage was on the rocks – would offering advertisements for divorce lawyers be a suitable thing to do?

What if Google noticed you’d recently lost your job, your wife, and that you were feeling a little depressed? If Google had you pegged as a suicide risk, would they serve public service ads for a suicide hotline?

Legal responsibilities

Contextual advertising is one thing, but the long arm of the law is another. What if Google knew you were conspiring to commit a crime? Would they ignore it, like a cold mindless machine, or would they intervene? Would a subpoena force their hand? Could anti-terrorism laws force a handover of information regarding everybody who’s searched for ‘how to make a bomb’? (The more paranoid reader may want to avoid clicking that last link)

There’s simply no legal precedent for this sort of thing – nobody has been brought to trial for simply performing a search, but given the possibility for identifying high-risk individuals and the moral panic over terrorism, anything is possible.

Early 2006 saw a series of subpoenas issued to major search engines under the premise of the Child Online Protection Act. All the search engines, with the exception of Google, complied.

Make no mistake, though – this sort of thing will rear its ugly head once again, and Google will again face a tough time in terms of keeping user information private. Where moral panic arises, the requests for information from the search engines will follow again, and Google may yet be forced to supply information. The USA Patriot Act makes very liberal allowance for the use of surveillance by the US Government, should they suspect any criminal activity – and no doubt should any additional rights be needed under the guise of national security, new acts will be passed.

Despite garnering most of the Nineteen Eighty-Four-based ire, CCTV is a comparatively minor threat to privacy compared to the Orwellian ramifications of user profiling via the information Google collects. Should there ever be a case when someone is convicted based solely on their online activity, it will be a very dangerous precedent indeed.

A cause for panic?

The above is not to be taken too heavily. The information collected by Google at this moment in time is extensive, but it is largely used to determine the actions of Google’s algorithms at the macroscopic, rather than the individual level. But personalisation is one of the key elements in Google’s strategy, and will likely to dominate their plans over the next decade. I have no doubt that they aim to improve their services through individual targeting, but they more than anyone will be aware of some of the ramifications of doing so.

Those who do use Google should be aware – if not mildly concerned – that their information is being stored. There are, of course, countermeasures, such as deleting (or blocking) cookies from Google, and electing to use services other than Google’s own. The adverts from Google can be blocked, also – but for the majority they will continue to be served, providing Google with their profits, and subsequently, the information with which to make profit more efficiently.

Caution is the watchword, then, as the future approaches – we must ensure Google doesn’t become too powerful, lest we become dependent on it. For the time being, Google’s internal motto, ‘Don’t Be Evil’, serves as thin reassurance that the giant has our best interests at heart.

WikiLeaks’ Julian Assange says US uses Facebook, Google to spy

May 4, 2011

Global Post

WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange says Facebook, Google, and Yahoo are being used by the U.S. intelligence community to spy on users.

In an interview, Assange was especially critical of Facebook, the world’s top social network. The information Facebook houses is a potential boon for the U.S. government if it tries to build up a dossier on users, he told the Russian news site RT.

Assange also told RT that Google and Yahoo “have built-in interfaces for U.S. intelligence.”

“Facebook in particular is the most appalling spying machine that has ever been invented,” Assange said. “Here we have the world’s most comprehensive database about people, their relationships, their names, their addresses, their locations and the communications with each other, their relatives, all sitting within the United States, all accessible to U.S. intelligence.”

“It’s not a matter of serving a subpoena,” he said. “They have an interface that they have developed for U.S. intelligence to use.”

Incidentally, WikiLeaks has its own Facebook page, which Assange — even when he was on the run after WikiLeaks released a particularly controversial batch of confidential documents — refused to shut down.

The company said at the time that the page did not “violate our content standards nor have we encountered any material posted on the page that violates our policies.”

However, Assange did not mention Twitter, which in March granted the Justice Department access to the accounts of activists that allegedly had ties to WikiLeaks.

The department called complaints over its desire to obtain Twitter information “absurd,” and said its actions were quite common in criminal investigations.

Bin Ladens Daughter Confirms Osama Captured Alive Then Killed By U.S. Special Forces

May 5, 2011

by Al Arabiya’s correspondent in Islamabad :

Senior Pakistani security officials said Osama bin Laden’s daughter had confirmed her father was captured alive and shot dead by the US Special Forces during the first few minutes of the operation carried out at the huge compound in Bilal Town, Abbottabad.

Besides recovering four bullet-riddled bodies from the compound, Pakistani security agencies also arrested two women and six children, aged between 2 and 12 years, after American forces flew toward Afghanistan. Some reports suggest 16 people, including women and children, were arrested from the house, most of them Arab nationals.

A Pakistani security source told Al Arabiya that Bin Laden family members had been transported to Rawalpindi, which is near Islamabad. He added, “They are now under treatment in the military hospital of Rawalpindi, where they have been transported in an helicopter.” A source told Al Arabiya that Bin Laden’s had been injured either in her leg or her shoulder.

He added that the members of the household were children and Bin Laden’s wife, in addition to a Yemeni woman. He added that the woman might be the personal doctor of the family. Bin Laden was known to be afflicted with renal failure.

Sources speculated that US Forces could not arrest these family members because there weren’t enough places for them in the helicopter, after they lost another chopper during the operation.

About the slain woman: officials said she could either be Bin Laden’s wife or a close family member since she offered to sacrifice her life for him. “As per our information, she shielded Bin Laden during the operation and was killed by American commandos,” an official said.

The US Special Forces only took two bodies with them in the military chopper; one is said to be Bin Laden’s and the other his son’s. By the time Pakistani security agencies and soldiers arrived at the spot, the US commandos were flying over the mountains in the Pakistani tribal belt, well on their way to Afghanistan.

Sources said one of the two women taken into custody from the compound by Pakistani forces was one of Osama bin Laden’s several wives.

“She is Yemeni and became unconscious during the operation,” said an official. Pleading anonymity, he said the woman was provided necessary medical aid till she became conscious.

“During preliminary investigations, the lady said they moved to the Abbottabad house five to six months ago,” the Pakistani official said, adding that she did not provide further information about bin Laden or his shifting to the house.

The official said a 12-year-old daughter of bin Laden was among the six children rescued from the three-storey compound.

The daughter has reportedly told her Pakistani investigators that the US forces captured her father alive but shot him dead in front of family members.

According to sources, Bin Laden was staying on the ground floor of the house and was dragged on the floor to the helicopter after being shot dead by US commandos.

There were conflicting reports about the second person the US forces took along with them. Some Pakistani officials say it was one of Bin Laden’s sons injured by the US commandos and thrown onto a separate military chopper; others say he was killed in the operation and it was only his dead body that they took along.

The officials say not all children rescued from the house belonged to the al-Qaeda leader. All were being kept at a safe place. The US has not been given access to the detained women and children, the officials claimed. About the second woman, many officials feel she could be a close relative of Osama or his servant.

Similarly, according to information Pakistani officials collected from detained persons, Osama was neither armed nor did inmates at the compound fire at the US choppers or commandos.

“Not a single bullet was fired from the compound at the US forces and their choppers. Their chopper developed some technical fault and crashed and the wreckage was left on the spot,” a well-informed official explained.

Meanwhile, Pakistani security forces maintained a cordon around the compound and its surrounding areas and did not allow the media access to the area until the remaining wreckage of the US military chopper was removed. Some media were given access to the spot but no one was allowed to enter the compound.

The Pakistan Army has sealed two main entrances of the house and deployed military and police for its protection.

A sizeable number of national and international journalists have arrived in Abbottabad to cover the extraordinary story. Before opening the area to the media, Pakistani soldiers shifted two buffaloes, a cow and around 150 hens from the compound to an unknown location.

Security officials said they did not recover any arms and explosives during their detailed search of the compound on Monday and Tuesday. Also, they said, it was a simple house comprising 13 rooms, six on the ground floor and the remaining on the first and second floors.

“There was no bunker or tunnel inside the house and that’s why I don’t understand why the world’s most wanted man would have decided to live here,” a senior official said.

He said two brothers, Arshad Khan and Tariq Khan, owned the house. Both belonged to Tangi area in Charsadda district. Officials said they had no information about the two brothers and their business.

According to a neighbor, the dwellers of the compound never mixed with anyone.

“It was a very reserved family and never attended any wedding or funeral ceremony in the area,” said Qari Mastana Khan of Bilal Town. “But they were kindhearted and would provide clean drinking water and food to poor neighbors. During the holy month of Ramadan, they invited us for Iftar dinner at their house and served us delicious food. Arshad Khan had three kids and his brother Tariq four,” Khan added.

Another interesting aspect, which the residents shared about the house and its inmates, was the strict behavior of the family, who in the last six years, had never allowed women of the neighborhood to enter their house or permitted their own ladies to visit neighbors. Also, children playing in the streets and nearby fields were never allowed into the compound, not even when their balls inadvertently went across.

“Usually, when their ball falls past the wall of a house, the children just go there and pick it up but they were never allowed into this particular house. Whenever their ball fell there and the children went to retrieve it, whoever opened the door gave them money to buy a new ball instead of allowing them to enter and search for their ball,” said an elder of the area, Mohammad Fayaz.

He said all these details made him suspicious but were not enough to make him believe the world’s most wanted man was hiding in his neighborhood.


CIA denies bin Laden was captured before his killing

May 5, 2011

by Robert Windrem


The CIA categorically denies two stories coming out of Pakistan, sourced to bin Laden family members:

1) that Osama bin Laden was captured at the scene and then killed minutes afterward; this from his daughter.

2) that a second bin Laden son, Mohammed, was thrown on the chopper as it departed Abbottabad.

“We categorically deny both of those,” said a CIA spokesman.

Two senior US officials told NBC News Tuesday that the “only person other than the team who left Abbottabad was Osama Bin Laden’s remains.”

Vanishing American Footprint

May 6, 2011

by Patrick J. Buchanan,

With his order to effect the execution of Osama bin Laden by Navy SEALs, 40 miles from Islamabad, without asking permission of the government, Barack Obama made a bold and courageous decision.

Its success, and the accolades he has received, have given him a credibility as commander in chief that he never had before.

The law professor, it turns out, is a gunslinger.

Should the president now decide on a major withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan in July, or side with his generals and make a token pullout, either way, the country will accept his decision.

Yet, as one looks to the Maghreb and Middle East, to the Gulf and Pakistan, events of this historic year point to an inexorable retreat of American power and the American presence.

Consider Pakistan. Today, that nation is red-faced that its military and intelligence services lied or did not know Osama was living in a mansion a mile from their West Point. And Pakistan is humiliated that U.S. commandos flew in by chopper at night, killed Osama in his compound, and made off with his body, computers and cell phones.

Relations are close to the breaking point. Mobs are burning American flags. Angry congressmen are talking of cutting off aid to Pakistan for disloyalty and duplicity in hiding bin Laden. Pakistanis are enraged Americans would trample on their sovereignty like that.

Even before Sunday’s killing of Osama, Pakistan’s prime minister had reportedly told Hamid Karzai in Kabul to let the Americans leave on schedule in 2014, and let Pakistan and China help him cut his deal with the Taliban. In the long run, this is likely to happen.

U.S. and NATO forces leave, the Taliban returns, and Pakistan moves into the orbit of China, which has far more cash — $3 trillion in foreign currency reserves — and more of a long-term interest in South Asia than a busted United States on the far side of the world.

The “Great Game” will go on in Afghanistan, but without Western players — only Iran, Russia, China, Pakistan and India.

In the other two critical Islamic nations in the region, Turkey and Egypt, we see a similar unraveling of ties to Washington.

Turkey has been going its own way since she refused George W. Bush permission to use Turkish bases to invade Iraq.

Ankara has become less secular and more Islamic, and begun to highlight her identity as a Middle Eastern nation. She has repaired relations with neighbors America regards as rogue states: Iran and Syria. And she has become the champion of the Gaza Palestinians.

Since Hosni Mubarak’s fall, Egypt has pursued a similar course. Cairo has allowed Iranian warships to transit Suez and is about to re-establish ties to Tehran. She has brokered an agreement uniting Hamas and the Palestinian Authority, and is about to reopen the border crossing between Egypt and Gaza. Israeli anger and American alarm are politely ignored.

Though their population, like Pakistan’s, is anti-American, neither Turkey nor Egypt is openly hostile. Yet both pursue policies that clash with U.S. policy. And this new distance from Washington is being met with the approval of Turks and Egyptians. For the one thing all of the uprisings of the Arab Spring have had in common is a desire of these peoples to be rid of American hegemony.

Indeed, taking inventory after four months of Arab revolts, it is difficult not to declare America a net loser.

Our ally of 30 years, Mubarak, was overthrown. The new government is moving away from us. Our ally in Tunisia was ousted.

Our unpopular and ruthless ally in Yemen is still fighting for survival. The brutality shown by our friend, Bahrain’s King Khalifa, against peaceful Shiite demonstrators probably means eventual loss of basing rights for the U.S. Fifth Fleet.

We are to begin pulling troops out of Afghanistan this summer and complete the withdrawal in 2014. We are down from 170,000 troops in Iraq to 50,000. All are to be gone by year’s end.

Americans have had their fill of nation-building. We cannot afford any more decade-long wars where the benefits to the American people have to be endlessly explained.

Why is America’s footprint shrinking in that part of the world?

First, Americans have never been less popular there, and one demand of every revolution is for a new government, independent of the United States, that will defend the national sovereignty.

Second, we are broke. We can no longer afford the bases. We can no longer afford the wars. We can no longer afford the aid.

Third, the true vital interest of the United States in this part of the world is that these Islamic countries not become base camps of terror, especially nuclear terror, targeted against the United States.

That end is surely better served by packing and departing than by staying and fighting.

Company Business

One of my contacts in Germany proposed that I might be interested in a very important portion of Mr. Assange’s purloined cables. It seems that this enormous trove was split up at one time, for security reasons, and what my contact had control of was very explosive. The previous releases have caused great diplomatic problems, and in the case of certain Muslim countries, serious domestic upheavals that are still boiling. This particular fundus deals almost entirely with CIA operations globally. I note in passing that the unfortunate Bradley Manning had nothing to do with this issue and, from what I have learned, is a patsy and was being tormented by the military to make statements exculpating the government agencies involved in the initial leaks and putting the blame on others. What I have been reading over for the past 30 days deals with the CIA, its field operations and its political manipulations in Washington. Their connections with the American business community and their shadow deals in the drug field are legion and beyond belief. The Company washes its hands in many waters and they have killed more innocent people than the Dresden raid, toppled governments, murdered opponents. Fomented revolutions (such as the Ukraine ‘Orange Revolution’ murdered half of the Polish government in a rigged plane crash they had hoped to blame on the Russians and many, many more wholesome activities in defense of their, and their friends, pocketbooks. I cannot publish actual documents because they are highly classified but I can, and will, comment on them.

. Operation Cyclone

The Basic Premise

American involvement in the Afghanistan area pre-dated the Soviet occupation in support of the pro-Soviet government there. Aware that the Soviet Union had a strong influence in that country, the Central Intelligence Agency prepared contingency plans on the one hand and support groups opposed to the pro-Russian Afghanistan government on the other. Once the CIA-fomented rebellion against the government broke out, that government appealed to Russia for aid. On April 14, 1979, the Afghan government requested that the USSR send 15 to 20 helicopters with their crews to Afghanistan, and on June 16, the Soviet government responded and sent a detachment of tanks, BMPs, and crews to guard the government in Kabul and to secure the Bagram and Shindand airfields.

In response to this request, an airborne battalion, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel A. Lomakin, arrived at the Bagram Air Base on July 7. They arrived without their combat gear, disguised as technical specialists. They were the personal bodyguards for President Taraki. The paratroopers were directly subordinate to the senior Soviet military advisor and did not interfere in Afghan politics. A casus belli having been established,

On July 3, 1979, American President Jimmy Carter signed a presidential order authorizing funding for anticommunist guerrillas in Afghanistanas a part of the Central Intelligence Agency program called ‘Operation Cyclone’, led by their elite Special Activities Division, which would later include the massive arming of Afghanistan’s mujahideen.

Operation Cyclone

‘Operation Cyclone’ was the CIA’s program designed to arm, train, and finance the Afghan mujahideen during the Soviet war in Afghanistan, from 1979 to 1989. The program leaned heavily towards supporting militant Islamic groups that were favored by neighboring Pakistan, rather than other, less ideological Afghan resistance groups that had also been fighting the Marxist-oriented Democratic Republic of Afghanistan regime since before the Soviet intervention.

The CIA was actively supporting and financing the Islamic brigades, later known as Al Qaeda. In the Pashtun language, the word “Taliban” means “Students”, or graduates of the madrasahs (places of learning or coranic schools) set up by the Wahhabi missions from Saudi Arabia, with the active support of the CIA.

‘Operation Cyclone’ was one of the longest and most expensive covert CIA operations ever undertaken; funding began with $20–30 million per year in 1980 and rose to $630 million per year in 1987. CIA financial aid to the insurgents within Afghanistan was approved in July 1979, six months before the Soviet invasion, though after the Soviets were already covertly engaged there. Arms were sent to CIA-loyal Afghani rebels only after the formal Soviet invasion.

The Soviet War in Afghanistan was a nine-year conflict involving the Soviet Union, supporting the Marxist-Leninist government of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan against the indigenous Afghan Mujahideen and foreign “Arab–Afghan” volunteers. The mujahideen found military and financial support from a variety of sources including the United States, Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom, Pakistan, Egypt, China and other nations. The Afghan war became a proxy war in the broader context of the late Cold War. .

The initial Soviet deployment of the 40th Army in Afghanistan began on December 24, 1979 under Soviet premier Leonid Brezhnev. The final troop withdrawal started on May 15, 1988, and ended on February 15, 1989 under the last Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. Due to the interminable nature of the war, the conflict in Afghanistan has sometimes been referred to as the “Soviet Union’s Vietnam War“.

President Jimmy Carter insisted that what he termed “Soviet aggression” could not be viewed as an isolated event of limited geographical importance but had to be contested as a potential threat to US influence in the Persian Gulf region. The US was also worried about the USSR gaining access to the Indian Ocean by coming to an arrangement with Pakistan.

On July 3, 1979 ,Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul. The aim of US was to drag the Soviet Union into what then US Secretary of State Zbigniew Brzezinski liked to call the “Afghan trap.”

The Afghans were supported by a number of other countries, with the US and Saudi Arabia offering the greatest financial support.

The United States began training insurgents in, and directing propaganda broadcasts into Afghanistan from Pakistan in 1978.Then, in early 1979, U.S. foreign service officers began meeting insurgent leaders to determine their needs After the Soviet deployment, Pakistan’s military ruler General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq started accepting financial aid from the Western powers to aid the mujahideen In 1981, following the election of US President Ronald Reagan, aid for the mujahideen through Zia’s Pakistan significantly increased, mostly due to the efforts of Texas Congressman Charlie Wilson and CIA officer Gust Avrakotos.

US “Paramilitary Officers” from the CIA’s Special Activities Division were instrumental in training, equipping and sometimes leading Mujihadeen forces against the Soviet Army. Although the CIA in general and Charlie Wilson, a Texas Congressman, have received most of the attention, the key architect of this strategy was Michael G. Vickers, a young Paramilitary Officer. Michael Pillsbury, a senior Pentagon official overcame bureaucratic resisistance in 1985-1986 and persuaded President Reagan to provide hundreds of Stinger missiles.

Between December 25, 1979 and February 15, 1989, a total of 620,000 [soldiers served with the forces in Afghanistan (though there were only 80,000-104,000 serving at one time): 525,000 in the Army, 90,000 with border troops and other KGB sub-units, 5,000 in independent formations of MVD Internal Troops, and police forces. A further 21,000 personnel were with the Soviet troop contingent over the same period doing various white collar and blue collar jobs.

The total irrecoverable personnel losses of the Soviet Armed Forces, frontier, and internal security troops came to 14,453. Soviet Army formations, units, and HQ elements lost 13,833, KGB sub-units lost 572, MVD formations lost 28, and other ministries and departments lost 20 men. During this period 417 servicemen were missing in action or taken prisoner; 119 of these were later freed, of whom 97 returned to the USSR and 22 went to other countries, the rest were murdered by their captors.

Bin Laden recruited 4,000 volunteers from his own country and developed close relations with the most radical mujahideen leaders. He also worked closely with the CIA, Since September 11, 2001, CIA officials have been claiming they had no direct link to bin Laden.

From the outset of the Soviet Afghan war in 1979, Pakistan, under military rule, actively supported the Islamic brigades. In close liaison with the CIA, Pakistan’s military intelligence, the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), became a powerful organization, a parallel government, wielding tremendous power and influence.

The ISI had a staff composed of military and intelligence officers, bureaucrats, undercover agents and informers, estimated at 150,000. Meanwhile, CIA operations had also reinforced the Pakistani military regime led by General Zia Ul Haq:

Relations between the CIA and the ISI had grown increasingly warm following General Zia’s ouster of Bhutto and the advent of the military regime. During most of the Afghan war, Pakistan was more aggressively anti-Soviet than even the United States. Soon after the Soviet military invaded Afghanistan in 1980, Zia ul Haq sent his ISI chief to destabilize the Soviet Central Asian states. The CIA only agreed to this plan in October 1984

The ISI operated as an arm of the CIA, played a central role in channeling support to Islamic paramilitary groups in Afghanistan and subsequently in the Muslim republics of the former Soviet Union.

Acting on behalf of the CIA, the ISI was also involved in the recruitment and training of the Mujahideen. In the ten year period from 1982 to 1992, some 35,000 Muslims from 43 Islamic countries were recruited by the ISI to fight in the Afghan jihad.

The madrassasin Pakistan, financed by Saudi charities, were also set up with US support with a view to “inculcating Islamic values”. The camps became virtual universities for future Islamic radicalism, Guerilla training under CIA-ISI auspices included targeted assassinations and car bomb attacks.

Weapons’ shipments were sent by the Pakistani army and the ISI to rebel camps in the North West Frontier Province near the Afghanistan border. The military governor of the province was Lieutenant General Fazle Haq, who authorized hundreds of opium refineries to be established in his province. Harvested gum opium was trucked to a Pakistani Army base and taken over by CIA personnel where it was trans-shipped to Columbia by CIA proprietary aircraft companies.

Beginning in 1982, Pakistani army trucks carrying CIA weapons from Karachi often picked up heroin in Haq’s province and return loaded with heroin. They were protected from police search by ISI papers. During the Reagan administration, Osama, who belonged to the wealthy Saudi Bin Laden family was put in charge of raising money for the Islamic brigades. Numerous charities and foundations were created.

The operation was coordinated by Saudi intelligence, headed by Prince Turki al-Faisal, in close liaison with the CIA. The money derived from the various charities were used to finance the recruitment of Mujahieen volunteers.

Al Qaeda, “The Base” in Arabic, was a CIA-instituted and maintained data bank of volunteers who had enlisted to fight in the Afghan jihad. That data base was initially also controlled by Osama bin Laden. U.S. CIA and U.S. Army counterinsurgency experts worked closely with the Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) in organizing Mujahideen groups and in planning operations inside Afghanistan.

But the most important contribution of the CIA. was to bring in men and material from around the Arab world and beyond. The most hardened and ideologically dedicated men were sought on the logic that they would be the best fighters. Advertisements, paid for from CIA funds, were placed in newspapers and newsletters around the world offering inducements and motivations to join the Jihad.


Delinquent Foreclosures Flood Housing Market

May 5, 2011

by Alex Warne


As foreclosures have surged to record levels, banks and other mortgage firms have been caught ill-equipped to handle the ever-increasing workload, Treasury Department and Federal Reserve officials have repeatedly said. Due to years of under-investment by banks in their mortgage processing operations, regulators and experts have found. In another report Thursday, California housing analyst Clear Capital said that in the first quarter, 32.7 percent of homes for sale in the Dallas-Fort Worth area were previously foreclosed. Still, that’s much less than in markets such as Las Vegas, 53.7 percent; Orlando, Fla., 49.9 percent; and Phoenix, 47 percent.


Borrowers lost 1.67 million homes in 2010 as some 27 percent of U.S. mortgage holders were underwater (owed more than their house was worth) by the end of 2010. 2.9 million homes received foreclosure filings in 2010, and there would have been more if not for court interference after it was discovered that some lenders hired inexperienced people to process foreclosures without following procedures and verification of facts (robo-signing). “Mortgage services and lenders continue to process foreclosures at an unusually slow rate, and although we expected foreclosure activity to drop in the first quarter, it fell more than expected,” said Ryan McMaken, Division of Housing spokesman. “That gives us hope for the future, but right now, foreclosure sales at auction aren’t going away.”

Loan Amounts

The rise in foreclosure inventory and decrease in delinquencies over the last six months have affected all loan types. The most dramatic drop in delinquencies has been in Agency Prime Mortgages. Delinquencies have declined by about 20 percent to a current rate of 4%. FHA/VA loan delinquencies dropped about 16 percent to 9.6 percent and subprime loan delinquencies while still standing at a 27.1 declined 15 percent.Foreclosures on borrowers with an option ARM loans have increased by 20 percent in the last six months to a 19 percent rate. Foreclosures of non-Agency Conforming Prime loans were up about 17 percent to 4.4 percent and Subprime loans increased 16 percent to 15.2 percent.

Foreclosure Pipeline “Bloated”. New Delinquencies Down

May 4, 2011

by Jann Swanson

Mortgage News Daily

Every foreclosure related report that issued during the last few months has increased certainty that the millions of delinquencies and foreclosures the country plaguing the country for the last three years are finally beginning to clear the system.

The Mortgage Monitor Report released by Lender Processing Services, Inc. (LPS) on Tuesday provides further evidence that delinquencies are down and the pace of foreclosures is picking up after months of moratoria, retrenching and procedure reviews.  At the same time, at the end of March, the inventory of foreclosures (loans referred to an attorney and awaiting auction or repossession) hit an all-time high and foreclosure starts soared by one-third.  The foreclosure inventory is 2.2 million loans and the foreclosure rate stands at 4.2 percent.

Delinquencies decreased from February to March by 11 percent, reaching the lowest levels in three years and were down nearly 20 percent from the same figure one year earlier.  Even better news is the drop in early stage delinquencies with numbers of 30-day and 60-day delinquencies approaching pre-crisis levels.   Part of this is seasonal; the first quarter of virtually every year shows a drop in new delinquencies, and historically March is consistently the month with the largest declines.  Still, from February 1 to March 31 there was a drop of close to 463,000 delinquent loans in the 30 + and 60+ category for a total of 2,121,352 early delinquencies.   The overall delinquency rate now stands at 7.78 percent.

The rise in foreclosure inventory and decrease in delinquencies over the last six months have affected all loan types.  The most dramatic drop in delinquencies has been in Agency Prime Mortgages.  Delinquencies have declined by about 20 percent to a current rate of 4%.  FHA/VA loan delinquencies dropped about 16 percent to 9.6 percent and subprime loan delinquencies while still standing at a 27.1 declined 15 percent.Foreclosures on borrowers with an option ARM loans have increased by 20 percent in the last six months to a 19 percent rate.  Foreclosures of non-Agency Conforming Prime loans were up about 17 percent to 4.4 percent and Subprime loans increased 16 percent to 15.2 percent.

A foreclosure was initiated against about 250,000 loans in March an increase of about 25 percent month-over-month.  The biggest jump in foreclosure starts was among loans that were six months or more in arrears.  Both statistics indicate that the delays in foreclosures caused by problems with loan documentation have ended and loans will begin to move more rapidly toward resolution.  Foreclosure sales also bumped up to 95,000 during the month but remain far below the levels before the robo-signing scandal jammed up the system.

LPS refers to the foreclosure pipeline as “bloated.”  Foreclosures sales are outnumbered by foreclosure starts three to one and by loans in foreclosure 30 to one. Loans that are 90+ delinquent combined with the foreclosure inventory outnumber sales 45 to one.

Despite the recent pick-up in foreclosure starts and sales, loans still remain in a delinquent status for an extraordinary period of time.  In eight states and the District of Columbia the process averages over a year, taking an average of 444 days in New York, a judicial foreclosure state and 419 days in DC, a non-judicial region.  South Dakota, with a judicial process, averages 219 days to foreclosure, the fastest in the country.

The states with the highest percentage of non-current loans are Florida, Nevada, Mississippi, New Jersey, and Georgia.

The post-crisis vintage of new mortgages continues to hold up well.  Loans originated in 2005 were running about a 5 percent delinquency rate at the point where 24 payments should have been received.  At that same point the 2009 vintage is at about 3 percent.  The most recent loans, originated in 2010, looks even better; at 14 months the delinquency rate is about 1.5 percent compared to 2 percent for the 2009 loans and well over 3 percent for those originated in 2005.

The report also found that mortgage origination activity continues to be dampened, primarily due to an ongoing reduction in refinance activity. As interest rates rise and credit requirements remain more exacting, the majority of homeowners eligible to refinance may have already done so.

Conversations with the Crow

When the CIA discovered that their former Deputy Director of Clandestine Affairs, Robert  T. Crowley, had been talking with author Gregory Douglas, they became fearful (because of what Crowley knew) and outraged (because they knew Douglas would publish eventually) and made many efforts to silence Crowley, mostly by having dozens of FBI agents call or visit him at his Washington home and try to convince him to stop talking to Douglas, whom they considered to be an evil, loose cannon.

Crowley did not listen to them (no one else ever does, either) and Douglas made through shorthand notes of each and every one of their many conversation. TBR News published most of these (some of the really vile ones were left out of the book but will be included on this site as a later addendum ) and the entire collection was later produced as an Ebook.

Now, we reliably learn, various Washington alphabet agencies are trying to find a way to block the circulation of this highly negative, entertaining and dangerous work, so to show our solidarity with our beloved leaders and protectors, and our sincere appreciation for their corrupt and coercive actions, we are going to reprint the entire work, chapter by chapter. (The complete book can be obtained by going to:


Here is the seventy first chapter

Conversation No. 71

Date: Friday, February 28, 1997

Commenced:  9:50 AM CST

Concluded: 10:12  AM CST

RTC: Top of the morning to you, Gregory. How are you today?

GD: Functioning, Robert. And with you?

RTC: The usual. Listen, Gregory, I had a phone call yesterday from someone at the Agency about you. I am afraid I became annoyed with this creature and said harsh things to them.

GD: Anyone I know?

RTC: I doubt it. Aside from a few broken down academics, a blank face. Someone named Hayden Peake. Have you ever heard of him?

GD: No. Is he someone important?

RTC: No, except in his own mind. He’s one of our librarians. He whined to me that you were pure evil and I shouldn’t talk to you. He’s a friend of Critchfield who is frantically trying to shut off your comments about Mueller’s survival and, worse, work for us after the war. I don’t know whether Peake got put up to this by Jim or by Kimmel. Maybe both. At any rate, when he told me that he had proof that Mueller died in ’45, I told him he was fuller of shit than a Christmas turkey and that I knew personally, and could prove, that Mueller not only worked for the Swiss after the war but for Jim after ’48. I told him that I personally had met Mueller in the late ‘40s, here in D.C and that whatever his so-called proof consisted of he could shove it up his ass. For a denizen of P Street here, he might have enjoyed that exercise.

GD: P Street?

RTC: That’s a street much beloved by many of our leading lights here, Gregory. Leather bars, whipping salons, way-stations for muscular young servicemen wanting to make a few dollars on the side, or on their backs. You know what I mean. I asked Bill about this asshole and he did some checking and mentioned an establishment called the Fireplace. You know, the Company used to be an inspiring place to work when we got started. Hell, if the D.C. police ever raided the P Street places, half the senior people at Langley would be in custody, along, of course, with a number of top military people and not to mention certain key Congressmen. The other half of our new leadership would be in synagogues. Jews and fairies, Gregory. It’s sad. At any rate, I have had it up to here with these people.

GD: What does this Peake person do?
RTC: I said he was a librarian.

GD: Wolfe is a librarian.

RTC: A pair of scumbags, Gregory. Peake thinks he’s a great historical writer and Wolfe has dreams of glory as a fake PhD. And they all loathe and despise you. Why? Because, Gregory, you are a much better writer, and certainly a researcher, than either of them and for some unknown reason, they think their useless opinions impress me. I know you and they don’t. Kimmel is probably behind some of this and he does the same thing. You see, as I said once before, if the Jews get it into their slimy heads that the evil chief of the Gestapo worked for our CIA, they would leave shit all over the sidewalks in D.C. I know for a fact they are screeching, like the rest of the old faggots, to the Army to keep Mueller’s files closed from the likes of you. You see, you are not part of the game, Gregory. The game? They all run around in circles, bent over with their trousers down around their ankles and their noses stuck up the asshole of the one in front. A bunch of incompetent idiots. They can squeal like little pigs to each other but by God, I won’t have them squealing to me and I told Peake, and I will call up Tom with the same message which is to stop bothering me with their envy or I will be forced to take some action against them.

GD: A machinegun?
RTC: No, worse. I know enough about these whiners to destroy them and if they want some fun and games, they can just continue their feeble trashing attempts. And I am now determined to go through my files and send you a number of them. That way, if anything happens to me, you will have lots of ammunition for your gun.

GD: Oh, I doubt if they’ll shoot you.

RTC: Shoot me? No, I mean if God calls me. That’s what I mean. I am not as well as I could be, Gregory, and one day, I won’t be around. I would like to think you are provided for. I know why they are yammering at me and why odious little shits like Wolfe and bombastic frauds like Kimmel and pubcrawlers like old Peake keep whining at me. They know I am someone who knows too much and they are terrified that I am getting senile and am talking to you.

GD: Well, you’re talking to me but I doubt if you’re senile, Robert.

RTC: Well, thank you for the consideration but I am getting a little forgetful at times and it’s harder to get around these days. No, I’m not ga-ga yet but if I get any more calls from the rat brigade members, they’ll find out how senile I am. If I chose to do so, there would be bodies heaped up chest high on the Mall. Ah, well, Gregory, a bit of my Irish temper clears the air.

GD: I heard from someone that you were a terrifying person, Robert, but I never saw it.

RTC: You did once. That was when Bill wanted to get your son a job at the CIA to try to stop your publishing things they didn’t like. You remember that?
GD: Oh yes. You were not nasty to me, though.

RTC: I said terrible things to Bill and I thought he would cry when I was done. My God, all the weird stories floating around about you. Fifteen different names, robbing banks, selling nuns

to Arabs, faking official documents on an old Remington, anti-Semitism, loving the Nazis and on and on. No, Jim is absolutely livid I put him in touch with you. Jim is a shit and I understand he wrote you compromising letters that he wants back. Is that true?

GD: Oh, yes, quite true. Ink-signed. In the original envelopes as well.

RTC: A word of advice here, Gregory. Put them in a very safe place. And not in a safe deposit box either. Our people can get into those with ease. No, some really safe place. Jim wants to lay his hands on these so bad he can taste them. They don’t know what to do with you, Gregory. They can’t con you because you are way smarter than they are and, to be honest, they are all dumb as posts.

GD: And how about Trento?
RTC: Oh, God, another one. They won’t attack you to your face because not only are they third class assholes but they are also cowards and you have a reputation for ferocity equaled only by a very hungry lion. No, they sneak around, like that turd from Justice that Kimmel got to yammer at me about you. I gave you his number just after he called me. You did call him back as I recall.

GD: Oh yes, I did. He was shocked that you gave me his number and I had a conversation with him.

RTC: Now you mustn’t threaten a Justice Department man, Gregory. What did you say to him?
GD: Only that I would credit him with the writing of some awful article. I say that to many people and since I have done this from time to time, they usually get the message.

RTC: The all remind me of a bunch of old women. Just like old aunties  chattering and gossiping about everyone else. Chatter, chatter and shit. People wear bullet proof vests on their backs here inside the Beltway because the standard game is to stab everyone in the back. Starting with your friends and moving outwards.

GD: And upwards?

RTC: I think the brass keeps some of these yammering turds around for the same reason that a whore keeps a pimp around. She wants someone she can look down on. Not like it used to be, Gregory. We were men then, not old gossiping queers. Oh yes, and bitter, treacherous old Jews like Wolfe and his friends. I don’t know what is worse, a treacherous and plotting Jew or a spiteful old queer. Ah well, let us go on to other things less annoying. How is the next Mueller book coming along? Did you get the file on Diem and his brother?

GD: I did. I don’t know where I can fit it in but perhaps a footnote on officially sanctioned assassinations.

RTC: And JFK has become a blessed saint in heaven. He ordered the Diems offed just like Nixon and Kissinger ordered Allende done in. Pious frauds, one and all. Now that’s what I mean by my being able to do terrible damage to them and their precious jobs. I was in the Army during the war and I would like to think that I and my friends were able to help this country, even if just a little but I found it was easier to cope with the professionals from the KGB rather than the rank amateurs we have now. Peake once wanted me to ghost write a paper on the KGB and I told him I would not. If I write something now, based on my experience and knowledge, I am not going to let some pseudo-academic try to take credit for it.

GD: Oh, the academic world is just the same. More backstabbing, gossip, innuendo and pure malice than you could imagine. And these academic papers are worthless for anything but to use as toilet paper. Bad, stilted writing and full of official lies which most of them write to impress their grandchildren and awed middle-class morons with. Robert, in my research, I have learned to totally discount any of these academic papers.

RTC: Oh yes, Peake told me breathlessly….

GD: Some sailor giving him a run for his money.

RTC: (Laughter) No, but I have been told that the great David Irving says you are a fraud. My God, what a compliment.

GD: Irving is the  fraud and writes at a high school level. Historian? Gas bag. I had dealings with him once and I would never let something like that in my house other than to fix the plumbing. Or around my children, either. Peake actually used Irving as a prop?
RTC: The blind leading the blind. I’ve never read any of Irving’s material but they do tell me that he’s a lightweight.

GD: A legend in his own mind. It is said his ma was Jewish but I don’t think that’s been proven. Lower middle class oaf with delusions of grandeur and reference.

RTC: Ah, my, what a wonderful morning, full of the milk of human kindness.

GD: I think the milk has gone bad, Robert.

RTC: It’s too bad you weren’t around in the early days, I mean actually old enough to work for me. We would have gotten along wonderfully well. I would have had to warn you to be a little restrained in some areas but I think we could have worked well together.

GD: Well, I do respect you Robert, which is more than I can say for the rest of the zoo creatures I’ve encountered since I started tilting at D.C. shithouses. Oh and yes, do you know how many fairies you can get on a bar stool?
RTC: I assume this is a joke.

GD: Why of course, Robert, always the jester. If you turn it upside down, you can seat four comfortably.

RTC: (Prolonged laughter) Well, now I’m back in a good mood.

GD: Don’t pass this on to your callers. You might hurt their feelings.

(Concluded at 10:12 AM CST)

Dramatis personae:

James Jesus Angleton: Once head of the CIA’s Counterintelligence division, later fired because of his obsessive and illegal behavior, tapping the phones of many important government officials in search of elusive Soviet spies. A good friend of Robert Crowley and a co-conspirator with him in the assassination of President Kennedy

James P. Atwood: (April 16, 1930-April 20, 1997) A CIA employee, located in Berlin, Atwood had a most interesting career. He worked for any other intelligence agency, domestic or foreign, that would pay him, was involved in selling surplus Russian atomic artillery shells to the Pakistan government and was also most successful in the manufacturing of counterfeit German dress daggers. Too talkative, Atwood eventually had a sudden, and fatal, “seizure” while lunching with CIA associates.

William Corson: A Marine Corps Colonel and President Carter’s representative to the CIA. A friend of Crowley and Kimmel, Corson was an intelligent man whose main failing was a frantic desire to be seen as an important person. This led to his making fictional or highly exaggerated claims.

John Costello: A British historian who was popular with revisionist circles. Died of AIDS on a trans-Atlantic flight to the United States.

James Critchfield: Former U.S. Army Colonel who worked for the CIA and organizaed the Cehlen Org. at Pullach, Germany. This organization was filled to the Plimsoll line with former Gestapo and SD personnel, many of whom were wanted for various purported crimes. He hired Heinrich Müller in 1948 and went on to represent the CIA in the Persian Gulf.

Robert T. Crowley: Once the deputy director of Clandestine Operations and head of the group that interacted with corporate America. A former West Point football player who was one of the founders of the original CIA. Crowley was involved at a very high level with many of the machinations of the CIA.

Gregory Douglas: A retired newspaperman, onetime friend of Heinrich Müller and latterly, of Robert Crowley. Inherited stacks of files from the former (along with many interesting works of art acquired during the war and even more papers from Robert Crowley.) Lives comfortably in a nice house overlooking the Mediterranean.

Reinhard Gehlen: A retired German general who had once been in charge of the intelligence for the German high command on Russian military activities. Fired by Hitler for incompetence, he was therefore naturally hired by first, the U.S. Army and then, as his level of incompetence rose, with the CIA. His Nazi-stuffed organizaion eventually became the current German Bundes Nachrichten Dienst.

Thomas K. Kimmel, Jr: A grandson of Admiral Husband Kimmel, Naval commander at Pearl Harbor who was scapegoated after the Japanese attack. Kimmel was a senior FBI official who knew both Gregory Douglas and Robert Crowley and made a number of attempts to discourage Crowley from talking with Douglas. He was singularly unsuccessful. Kimmel subsequently retired, lives in Florida, and works for the CIA as an “advisor.”

Willi Krichbaum: A Senior Colonel (Oberführer) in the SS, head of the wartime Secret Field Police of the German Army and Heinrich Müller’s standing deputy in the Gestapo. After the war, Krichbaum went to work for the Critchfield organization and was their chief recruiter and hired many of his former SS friends. Krichbaum put Critchfield in touch with Müller in 1948.

Heinrich Müller: A former military pilot in the Bavarian Army in WWI, Müller  became a political police officer in Munich and was later made the head of the Secret State Police or Gestapo. After the war, Müller escaped to Switzerland where he worked for Swiss intelligence as a specialist on Communist espionage and was hired by James Critchfield, head of the Gehlen Organization, in 1948. Müller subsequently was moved to Washington where he worked for the CIA until he retired.

Joseph Trento: A writer on intelligence subjects, Trento and his wife “assisted” both Crowley and Corson in writing a book on the Russian KGB. Trento believed that he would inherit all of Crowley’s extensive files but after Crowley’s death, he discovered that the files had been gutted and the most important, and sensitive, ones given to Gregory Douglas. Trento was not happy about this. Neither were his employers.

Frank Wisner: A Founding Father of the CIA who promised much to the Hungarian and then failed them. First, a raging lunatic who was removed from Langley, screaming, in a strait jacket and later, blowing off the top of his head with a shotgun.

Robert Wolfe: A retired librarian from the National Archives who worked closely with the CIA on covering up embarrassing historical material in the files of the Archives. A strong supporter of holocaust writers specializing in creative writing

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